Sunday, April 15, 2007


Non wovens from polypropylene for Geo textiles. Needle punched non woven fiber fabrics producing production machines at the finishing end.
Cross section of all fibers (1),(2) and (3) used in different types of non woven technical textile fabric at left.

Mr.Zhu Minru
Chaina Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association(CHITA)
More about Nonwovens from China Interview
Mr Zhu Minru - Chairman, China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association (CNITA)
Registered and grant confirmed by Ministry of Civil Affairs, CNITA - China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association, is the only national association dedicated to nonwovens and industrial textiles industry of the country. It acts as an intermediary institute and is constituted by the enterprises and other entities of the industry.
Carrying out the relevant laws, regulations, and policies to maintain the interest of the industry as well as the legal right of the members, the organization acts as a conduits for the government, enterprises and markets to promote technological progress, improve enterprises’ management and enhance healthy development of nonwovens and industrial textile industry within China.
Mr Zhu Minru was elected as Chairman, CNITA in 1998, when China Textile Administration was renamed China Textile Association.
Mr Minru is also the Director of China Textile Engineering Academy Industrial Textiles Committee. Post completion of studies from Tianjin Textile Engineering College, he was Department Chief of China Textile Administration Science & Technology Division, then.
Met up with Mr Zhu Minru to seek his opinion about non-wovens & industrial textiles industry of China and the functions of CNITA which dynamically contributes towards the sector’s growth.
We have learn t that China's output of non-woven industry enjoyed annual growth rate of 12 percent over the past five years. How is the industry shaping up, so far?.
Mr Zhu Minru
Can you explain the breakup of various non-woven sectors of China in terms of Spun Bonding, Spunlace, Melt Blowing, Needle Punching, Thermal Bonding, Chemical Bonding and Airlaid Pulp?
Mr Zhu Minru
Production of China Nonwoven Textiles in 2006 reached 1,396,600 tons, recording a 18.66 percent rise above 1,177,000 tons achieved in 2005. The sector wise output in 2006 can be read as belowMain market of China's nonwovens industry is still within its domestic terrain. Exports in this sector is marginal, just about 10 percent. However, the high speed of China's economic development provides a large space for non-woven industry.
Output of Nonwoven Textiles in 2006-1,396,600 tons
Nonwoven Item-100%
Total Production-100%
Needle punch-24.6%.

Mr.Jayathissa Ranaweera
Minister of Textiles Industries
Govt of Sri Lanka
Contributing significantly and dynamically towards country’s overall economy, Sri Lankan textile industry has grown over the years to see itself as primary foreign exchange earner and largest single employer in the realms of manufacturing sector.
After its modest beginning in seventies, the industry today represents 43 percent of the country's total exports and contributes 39 percent towards industrial production of the Island Nation. The apparel and textile industry at 46 percent, is the largest single contributor to the export revenue. Sri Lanka is the ‘only outsourced apparel manufacturing country in Asia’ to signup 39 ILOs (International Labour Organisation) Conventions.
Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera, Honourable Minister of Textile Industries - Government of Sri Lanka, has been representing the Parliament for past 13 years.
Youngest son of a village headman, Mr Ranaweera, after completing his education, worked in the Plantation and Gemming Industry, and became popular among youngsters offering social services for the overall development of the regional youth group.
Few years later, he was duty-bound to engage in political activities representing the youth. Finally in 1993, Mr Ranaweera was nominated to contest the Provincial Council Election by the current ruling political party and got elected as a member of Sabaragamuwa Provincial Council.
A year after he was nominated as a contestant for General Parliamentary Election 1994, representing the Kolonna Electorate in Rathnapura District of the Island and with a considerable majority, he was elected to be entrusted the duties as a Deputy Minister developing irrigation, community settlement, allocating lands for agricultural matters. Subsequently, he was also appointed Deputy Minister with the local Government and Land Development organisation.
In recognition to honest and efficient accomplishments of duties entrusted, Mr Ranaweera was appointed Minister of Textile Industry Development with effect from November, 23, 2005.
Since then, in co-ordination with national and international bodies, he is proactively engaged in the welfare of Sri Lankan Textile sector. He has targeted uplift of rural poor, generating self employment opportunities, thus advancing the aspirations of the vibrant Sri Lankan textile industry, in the international fora.
Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera speaks candidly about the factors that helped Sri Lankan textile industry to reach new horizons. Speaking to Face2Face team, he explains the steps mooted by his Ministry to enhance this sector's performance and talk of the town campaign – 'Garment without Guilt’.
Since mid – 1980s, Sri Lanka’s textile industry has dramatically emerged as a strong sector boosting country’s economy via exports. Credit goes ofcourse to your Ministry. Can you explain how this happened?
Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera.
Since mid 1980’s, it is the apparel industry in Sri Lanka which has grown rapidly emerging as a main foreign exchange earning industry for the country. At present, the apparel exports account for around 44 percent of the industrial exports from the country. Apparel industry grew mainly under the quota system and opening of free trade zones. Many foreign investors arrived in Sri Lanka to take the advantage of quotas, and gradually, the industry developed with local entrepreneurs entering into garment manufacturing. High technical competency of our technicians and easily trainable work force, were two main factors behind our success. The successive governments also have provided several facilities for investors to join this industry. Manufacturers were able to develop very cordial relationships with internationally renowned retailers from the USA and the EU. High standards of quality maintained, was another factor for the success.
What after effects are the textile and apparel sectors of Sri Lanka facing post - MFA (Multi Fibre Agreement) and expiry of quota system?
Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera.
The GSP + has shown positive results with a 17 percent increase in sales to the EU during 2006. The Government is promoting backward integration to increase value addition and draw maximum benefit from such schemes.
What prospects do you foresee in case of post-GSP + scheme and launch of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and Sri Lanka?
Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera.
The results of the FTA with Pakistan are yet to be realised. There has been a considerable increase in the import of fabrics from South Asian region during the last year. Growth of fabric imports from Pakistan increased by about 99 percent during the period 2003 to 2006.
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Mr Rainer Roten.
CEO, SSM Textile Machinery.
Schweiter Technologies AG.
Schweiter Technologies is a traditional Swiss group that specializes in the development, ...
Mr Bryan Hanway Founder China Bambro Textile Company Limited ( BambroTex) The invention of Bamboo fibre is an invaluable contribution of mankind towards protection of rare ... Mr Zhu Minru Chairman China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association (CNITA) Registered and grant confirmed by Ministry of Civil Affairs, CNITA - China Nonwovens & Industrial ... Mr Du Yuzhou President China National Garment Association (CNGA) Established in 1991, China National Garment Association (CNGA) is a self-disciplining, nonprofit ... Mr Rajeev Lakhara Managing Director Footwear Design & Development Institute - Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt of India. Footwear Design and Development Institute (FDDI), is a society registered under the Societies Act, ... More Industry News Nicaragua & Taiwan draw closer ties PM to present National Awards to small entrepreneurs Sino-ASEAN trade ties improve Members Only Future prospects bright for textiles Country's total exports up 8.6% Jurasic Clothing opens in Tampa, Fl DiaVision users to gain from STG diamond software Denim, knitwear & accessories power Buckle's 4-week fiscal month fibre2fashion:What prospects do you foresee in case of post-GSP + scheme and launch of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and Sri Lanka? Mr Jayathissa Ranaweera The results of the FTA with Pakistan are yet to be realized. There has been a considerable increase in the import of fabrics from South Asian region during the last year. Growth of fabric imports from Pakistan increased by about 99 percent during the period 2003 to 2006. Pakistan is closer to Sri Lanka than INDIA-Politically. ?.
Who is the Minister of Textiles in Govt of INDIA?
Government of India, in Ministry of Finance, Department of Banking has announced a package for restructuring of high cost debts of textile units in the organised sector. The salient features of the package are as follows:-
a) Parameters determining the eligibility of units.
The package would be applicable to all units in the organized sector with a minimum debt exposure of Rs. 2 crore.
Technical viability will be assessed by the designated technical agencies. Units should have positive Earning before Interest, Depreciation, Tax, and Amortization (EBIDTA) in three out of last five years. The post-restructuring debt service coverage ratio should be at least 1:1.33. However, the time by which it may be achieved has been left to the lender to decide.
b) Nature of Relief.
# The scheme would have a tenure of five years # Banks/FIs will be permitted to access external commercial borrowings (ECBs) and convert Rupee Term Loans into Foreign Currency Loans # ECB borrowings by Banks/FIs will be permitted for 5 years # The recipient units would pay interest at the targeted rate of 8% to 9% on rupee loan basis. # The repayment of loans is not restricted to the five years in the scheme. The period of repayment may extend beyond 5 years but ECB will be permitted only for 5 years. # The conversion of working capital into working capital term loan would be decided by the lenders. The rate of interest on working capital loans would follow the internal guidelines of the lender bank/FI. # Accumulated liquidated damages and penal interest would be waived # Accumulated interest liability would be frozen and converted into zero coupon bonds payable after five years in installments or at one time, as negotiated between the lender and borrower.
c) General guidelines for the scheme.
In cases of adverse debt equity ratio, the promoters should be willing to write down equity. A Personal guarantee of the promoters would be a precondition for restructuring. RBI will consider classifying such restructured accounts as standard assets. Willful defaulters will not be eligible for the scheme Healthy textile units, that are able to service their loans, will be provided assistance under the Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme to become even more competitive. Technical agencies to assess technical viability of the units seeking assistance under the package Following Textile Research Associations (TRAs) have been designated for assessing the technical viability of the units eligible under the Scheme:- (i) South India Textile Research Association (SITRA), Coimbatore, Tamilnadu (ii) Bombay Textile Research Association(BTRA), Mumbai (iii) Ahmedabad Textile Industry Research Association(ATIRA), Ahmedabad (iv) Northern India Textile Research Association(NITRA), Ghaziabad (v) Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association(SASMIRA), Mumbai (vi) Man-made Textile Research Association(MANTRA), Surat • To assess the financial viability and the debt restructuring package, banks/financial institutions or units would be free to appoint consulting organisations such as Price Water House Coopers, Ernest and Young, CRISIL, KSA Technopack, Delloit Huskins and Sells, SBI CAPS, KPMG etc as per their own assessment and decision. Implementation of the Scheme Nodal Ministry • The Ministry of Finance will be the nodal Ministry for monitoring and its efficient and early implementation. Implementation Committee • In order to ensure smooth implementation of the package and to encourage eligible industries to approach banks/financial institutions an Implementation Committee under the Chairmanship of Secretary(Textiles) with the following members has been constituted:- (i) Joint Secretary, Department of Banking; (ii) Textile Commissioner; (iii) Secretary General, the Indian Cotton Mills Federation (ICMF); (iv) An industry representative from ICMF; (v) A representative from South India Mills Federation(SIMA); (vi) A representative from Indian Spinners Association; (vii) Chairman, ICICI or his nominee; (viii) Chairman, State Bank of India or his nominee; (ix) Joint Secretary, Ministry of Textiles—Member—Convener. The above Committee would monitor the progress of the package and would also examine various issues, which may be brought before the Committee.
Announcement by the Ministry of Textiles the plan of action for : - Spinning Sector. 11. Despite the thrust given by the Textile Policy of 1985 to the spinning sector, resulting in considerable modernisation, 80 percent capacity utilisation, and a 20 percent share of global cotton yarn exports, cotton spinning still suffers the problems of over-capacity and of obsolete spindleage. This policy will continue the effort to modernise and upgrade technology to international levels, and take the following steps, in cotton spinning as well as the worsted woollen sectors: ·Encourage the spinning sector to continue to modernise; ·Liberalise and encourage export of cotton yarn; and ·Review from time to time the hank yarn obligation while ensuring supply of adequate quantity of yarn to the handloom sector. Weaving Sector 12. Despite a 58% global share of looms, consisting of 3.5 million handlooms and 1.8 million powerlooms, technology still remains backward. This sector, critical to the survival of the Indian textile industry and its export thrust, will be rapidly modernised. Clustering of production facilities in the decentralised sector will be encouraged to achieve optimum size and adopt appropriate technology. 13. The Government will facilitate harmonious development of all the segments of the fabric manufacturing sector.The balanced growth of these sectors will be achieved based on their intrinsic strengths and capacity to meet the demands and requirements of the domestic as well as international markets.
Organised Mill Industry.
14. Efforts will be made to restore the organised mill industry to its position of pre-eminence to meet international demand for high value, large volume products.For this purpose, the following measures will be initiated: ·Integration of production efforts on technology driven lines; ·Encouragement to setting up of large integrated textile complexes; ·Strategic alliances with international textile majors, with focus on new products and retailing strategies; ·Creation of awareness and supportive measures for application of IT for upgradation of technology, enhancement of efficiency, productivity and quality, better working environment and HRD. 15. Government recognises that employment protection in a terminally sick industrial unit is neither conducive to efficient allocation of scarce resources nor incremental employment generation.Hence, emphasis will be laid on a pragmatic and rational exit policy with adequate protection of the workers’ interests. Appropriate measures will be taken, including review of the existing Textile Workers' Rehabilitation Fund Scheme, to mitigate the problems of displaced workers, on whom the consequences of closure of private mills, with no terminal or statutory benefits being given, have been serious. 16.The earlier policy of not taking over/nationalising sick units will be continued. As regards the unviable Public Sector Undertakings such as National Textile Corporation and National Jute Manufacture Corporation, various options for strategic partnerships or privatisation will be explored. Non-viable mills will be closed down with provision for an adequate safety-net for the workers and employees. Powerloom Industry 17. The powerloom sector occupies a pivotal position in the Indian textile industry.However, its growth has been stunted by technological obsolescence, fragmented structure, low productivity and low-end quality products. The focus will therefore be on ·Technologyupgradation; ·Modernisation of Powerloom Service Centres and testing facilities; ·Clustering of facilities to achieve optimum levels of production; ·Welfare schemes for ensuring a healthy and safe working environment for the workers. · Handloom Industry 18. The handloom sector is known for its heritage and the tradition of excellent craftsmanship. It provides livelihood to millions of weavers and craftspersons.The industry has not only survived but also grown over the decades due to its inherent strengths like flexibility of production in small quantities, openness to innovation, low level of capital investment and immense possibility of designing fabrics.Government will continue to accord priority to this sector.Steps would be taken to promote and develop its exclusiveness for the global market. Measures will include the following: ·training modules will be developed for weavers engaged in the production of low value added items, who may not be able to survive the competition consequent onglobalisation, with the objective of upgrading their skills to enable them to find alternate employment in the textile or other allied sector; ·comprehensive welfare measures will continue to be implemented in close cooperation with the State Governments, for better working environment and the social security of the weavers; ·effective support systems in research and development, design inputs, skill upgradation and market linkages will be provided; ·the implementation of the Hank Yarn Obligation Order and the Reservation Orders issued under the Handloom ( Reservation of Articles for Production) Act 1985 will be reviewed keeping in mind the needs of the handloom weavers. ·Weavers Service Centres will be revamped in consonance with the contemporary trends, and, using Information Technology for efficacy, their activities suitably dovetailed with activities of centres of design excellence like NIFT and NID; ·as merchandising and marketing will be central to the success of the handloom sector, the present package of schemes for production of value added fabrics will be streamlined; innovative market-oriented schemes will be introduced; and joint ventures encouraged both at the domestic and international levels. Brand equity of handlooms will be commercially exploited to the extent possible. · Knitting 19. Hosiery knitting, growth of which accelerated during the last decade, primarily because of expansion of hosiery into global fashion knitwear is expected to expand into the apparel and home furnishing sectors.In this segment, the following measures will be taken: ·Review of the Policy of SSI Reservation for this sector; ·Encouragement to Technology Upgradation and expansion of capacity; and ·Introduction of support systems for commercial intelligence, design and fashion inputs. · Carpets 20. While machine-made carpet manufacturing in the mill sector will be guided by the policy framework for the organised industry, the policy for hand knotted carpet sector will focus on sustained growth of exports and welfare of weavers and their children. Encouragement will be given to the manufacture of products that conform to and bear the 'KALEEN' mark of standards, with insistence on compliance with the provisions of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. Government intervention will be on technology upgradation including indigenisation of machines; development of testing facilities; and use of natural dyes. Adaptation of traditional motifs and promotion of brand image would constitute thrust areas. Made-ups 21. The made-ups sector will be given the status and importance it deserves by virtue of occupying the highest position in the textile value addition chain alongside garments.The approach for growth of this sector will be to- ·make available defect free and colour-fast processed fabrics; ·facilitate product development, production and marketing arrangements; ·place emphasis on quality and packaging; and ·expand facilities for machine dyeing and finishing of the yarn that is used for made ups from handloom fabrics; Processing and Finishing 22. Processing is the weakest link in the textile production chain, and results in loss of potential value. To bring about the necessary improvement ·Government will encourage setting up of modern processing units, meeting international quality and environmental norms; ·the network of CAD/CAM, computerised colour matching and testing facilities will be expanded, particularly in the clusters of the decentralised textile centres; ·research support will be extended in achieving ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards; and ·thrust will be given on development of eco-friendly dyes, including natural and vegetable dyes, and on energy conservation. Clothing 23.The role of this sector is poised for radical changes in view of the changes in the international trading environment brought about by the rules and regulations of the WTO. The industry will be restructured as follows: ·the office of the Textile Commissioner will focus attention on the development of the garment industry; ·garment industry will be taken out of the SSI reservation list;
·joint ventures and strategic alliances with leading world manufacturers will be promoted;
·schemes with necessary infrastructural facilities for the establishment of textile/apparel parks will be designed with the active involvement of State Governments, Financial Institutions and the private sector; and
Setting up of strong domestic retail chains to ensure easy availability of branded Indian products will be encouraged. Jute Industry 24.The jute industry in India is beset with many problems, including competition from the synthetic sector, high labour cost, obsolescence of machinery and uneconomic working. These factors have led to large scale sickness in the industry. 25.The approach for the jute sector will be directed towards reviving the jute economy through supportive measures covering research and development; technology upgradation; creation of infrastructure for storage and marketing of raw jute; and product and market development activities for jute and diversified jute products. 26.The Mandatory Jute Packaging Order will be reviewed from time to time in the interest of the jute farmers, jute industry and the end-user sectors. Simultaneously, steps will be taken to enable the industry to become cost and quality competitive in domestic and international markets based on the inherent strength of jute as an environment-friendly fibre. 27. Organisations like JMDC (Jute Manufacturers Development Council) and NCJD (National Centre for Jute Diversification) specifically set up for the overall growth and development of the industry will be appropriately strengthened.
Technical Textiles.
28. Considering the growing prospects for technical textiles world wide, priority will be accorded for their growth and development. The focus will be on R& D efforts and augmentation of raw material production. Standards will be set to facilitate adherence to stringent functional requirements.
29. Textile exports play a crucial role in the overall exports from India. With the objective of increasing exports to US $ 50 billion by 2010 from the present level of US $ 11 billion, the thrust will be on:
Establishing a multi-disciplinary institutional mechanism to formulate policy measures and specific action plans, including those relating to the WTO; and closely monitoring financing proposals; ·forging of strategic alliances for gaining access to technology; ·operating a brand equity fund exclusively for textile and apparel products, consistent with WTO norms. ·restructuring AEPC and other Export Promotion Councils play the role of facilitators and professional consultants; ·developing infrastructural facilities in the predominantly textile and apparel export oriented areas in close co-operation with State Governments and Financial Institutions and the private sector; and ·evolving a suitable mechanism to facilitate industry associations to deal with disputes under the various agreements of the WTO. Handicraft Exports 30. Continued and focussed attention will be given to handicrafts to enable the sector to increase both its contribution to exports and its productive employment. Initiatives will include upgradation of skills, creation of better work environment, design and technology intervention, development of clusters for specific crafts with common service facilities, improvement in infrastructure, and market development.

Shri. S. Vaghela.
Minister of State.
Shri. E.V.K.S.Elangovan.
Shri. Arvind Kumar Singh.
Organisation Chart.
Work Allocation.
Attached/ Subordinate Offices.
Public Sector Undertakings.
Statutory Bodies.
Export Promotion Councils.
Advisory Bodies.
Autonomous Bodies.
Textile Research Associations.
Other Estab
Functions and Organizational Set-up
The Ministry of Textiles is responsible for policy formulation, planning, development export promotion and trade regulation in respect of the textile sector. This included all natural and man made cellulosic fibres that go into the making of textiles,clothing and handicrafts.
The developmental activities of the Ministry are oriented towards making adequate quantities of raw material available to all sectors of the textile industry and augmenting the production of fabrics at reasonable prices from the organisedand decentralised sectors of the industry. Towards this objective, the Ministry lays down guidelines for a planned and harmonious growth of various sectors of the industry. Special emphasis is given to the developmentof handlooms in view of its large employment potential. The Ministry monitors the techno-economic status of the industry and provides the requisite policy framework for modernisation and rehabilitation. The Ministry co ordinatesthe activities of Textiles Research Associations and lends financial support to them for undertaking research and development.
The Ministry of Textiles is headed by a Secretary who is assisted in the discharge of his duties by 4 Joint Secretaries, Economic Advisor and the Development Commissioners for Handlooms and Handicrafts,
Textile Commissioner and Jute Commissioner.
The principal functional areas of the Ministry cover the following:-
Textile Policy & Coordination.
Man-made Fibre/ Filament Yarn Industry.
Cotton Textile Industry.
Jute Industry.
Silk and Silk Textile Industry.
Wool & Woolen Industry.
Decentralized Power loom Sector.
Export Promotion.
Planning & Economic Analysis.
Integrated Finance Matters.
Information Technology.
Nothing is mentioned about Technical Textiles in the principle areas of functioning of the ministry.

The word "TECHNICAL TEXTILES" was coined in the year 1980

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