Friday, November 25, 2022



E-Textiles. Details given below upto 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following levels of detail: 12 application areas, as defined.

Search inside this report. Price - $1,200.00.
Nylon in Technical Textiles and Nonwovens: World Market 
Forecasts to 2010.

David Rigby Associates.

The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and value annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following levels of detail: 12 application areas.
Search inside this report.
Price -$750.00.
Turkey: The Prospects for Technical Textiles. By: just-style.
Based on three recent just-style visits to Turkey in late 2005 and early 
2006 and an extensive number of interviews conducted with Turkish industrialists
and trade staff, this briefing presents an overview of the existing Search 
inside this report.

Price - $310.00.

How to Enter the Technical Textiles Market: The Next Step.

By: International Newsletters Ltd.

This CD-ROM contains all the presentations plus a report and 
commentary from the 

second event in the Technical Textiles Markets symposium series, 
held in Prague 
in February.

Price -$235.00.

Viscose in Technical Textiles and Nonwovens: World Market Forecasts to 2010.

By: David Rigby Associates.

The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and value 
annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at 
the following levels of detail: 12 application areas:

Search inside this report.

Price - $750.00.

150 End-use Products in Technical Textiles and Nonwovens: World Market 
Forecasts to2010.

By: David Rigby Associates.

The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and 
value annually from 2000 
to 2004 and at 5-yearly 
intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following 
evels of detail: 12 
application areas:

Search inside this report.

Price -$1,200.00.

Profiles of Three leading Indian Producers of Technical Textiles 
for the Automotive Sector.

By: Textiles Intelligence.

The demand for automotive technical textile products in India has grown 
at a healthy pace in 
recent years, reflecting strong 
expansion in the Indian automotive sector. In the 2003/04 
fiscal year, the market was worth:
Search inside this report.

Price - $375.00.

Global Market Review of Technical Textiles in Apparel - 
Forecasts to 2011.

By: just-style.

Technical textiles is one of the fastest-growing and changing 
areas of the global textile and apparel industry. 
In fact, just-style predicts that global usage of technical fabrics 
for apparel will increase steadily over the next.

Search inside this report.

Price - $712.50.

How to Enter Technical Textiles Markets.3.

By: International Newsletters Ltd.

This CD-ROontainl the presentations plus a report and commentary 
from the third event in the Technical Textles Markets symposium 
series, held in Ghent in November.

Price - $300.00.

Polyester in Technical Textiles and Nonwovens: World Market 
Forecasts to 2010.

By: David RigbyAssociates.

The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and 
value annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 
to 2010 at the following levels 
of detail: 12 application areas:

Search inside this report.

Price -$750.00.

Polypropylene in Technical Textiles and Nonwovens: World Market Forecasts to 2010.
By: David Rigby Associates. The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and value annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following levels of detail: 12 application areas. Search inside this report. Price -$750.00. Statistics: Fiber Consumption for Technical Textiles in Western Europe (2006 Edition) By: Textiles Intelligence. This publication covers Statistics: Fiber Consumption for Technical Textiles in Western Europe. Search inside this report. Price -$295.00. Statistics: Fiber Consumption for Technical Textiles in Western Europe By: Textiles Intelligence. The report supplies statistical data from official sources, and adds value by supplementing the data with expert analysis from Textiles: Search inside this report. Price - $295.00. Broadwoven End-Use Products in Technical Textiles: World Market Forecasts to 2010. By: David Rigby Associates. The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and value annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following levels of detail: 12 application areas, as: Search inside this report. Price - $750.00. Innovations in Fibers, Technical Textiles, Apparel and Machinery (February 2007 edition) By: Textiles Intelligence. Innovations help firms to differentiate their products and gain a competitive advantage. Using mirrors, Aston University in the UK has converted a 75 km optical fiber into a laser. Researchers in Beijing have a technique: Search inside this report. Price -$425.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 1st Quarter 2005. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and provides a summary of news and information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, therefore, essential for your future. Search inside this report. Price - $295.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 3rd Quarter 2006. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and provides a summary of news and information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, therefore, essential for your future. Search inside this report. Price - $295.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 3rd Quarter 2005. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and provides a summary of news and information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, therefore, essential for your future. Search inside this report. Price -$295.00. Innovations in Fibers, Technical Textiles, Functional Apparel, and Machinery. January 2004 Edition. By: Textiles Intelligence. Innovations are helping companies around the world to differentiate their products and maintain an advantage over their competitors. BASF’s new super absorbent fiber offers diaper makers opportunities for producing thinner products. Garment makers may incorporate electroconductive: Search inside this report. Price -$375.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 4th Quarter 2006. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and provides a summary of news and information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, therefore, essential for your future: Search inside this report. Price -$295.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 4th Quarter 2005. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and provides a summary of news and information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, therefore, essential for your future. Search inside this report. Price -$295.00. Nonwoven End-Use Products in Technical Textiles: World Market Forecasts to 2010. By: David Rigby Associates. The report provides forecasts of end-use consumption by volume and value annually from 2000 to 2004 and at 5-yearly intervals from 1995 to 2010 at the following levels of detail: 12 application areas: Search inside this report. Price -$750.00. Global Technical Textiles Business Update: 1st Quarter 2006. By: Textiles Intelligence. Global Technical Textiles Business Update is published at the end of each quarter, and 
provides a summary of news and 
information which are relevant to the technical textiles sector and, 
therefore, essential for your future:
Search inside this report.

Price - $295.00.

Technical Textiles for the Paper making Industry.

By: Textiles Intelligence.

Technical textiles in the form of paper machine clothing are 
critical to the paper making process. Such materials employ 
sophisticated woven and nonwoven constructions. Increasingly 
important are advanced lamination techniques 
which ensure seamless.

Any mill in INDIA spinning.

The Spinning of highly aesthetic fibers.

The spinning of highly anisotropic polymer.

The Gel Spinning process.

The Spinning of Ultra fine fibers.

The Spinning of Optical fibers.

Research in Technical Textiles is gaining fast in developed countries.

India needs to catch up with this near future profitable Industry.



Their fabrics and products meet all tests as under and is
ideal for use by workmen manufacturing aluminum Croyliteron,M 1506 Electric arc test. EN 531
European test standards for molten metals. The US and UK are leading in Technical Textiles and very close behind are other countries which were much behind our textile industry few decades ago. THANKS TO THE RESEARCHERS IN USA FOR THEIR AWESOME CONTRIBUTION TO TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN THE "FUTURE OF OUR TEXTILE INDUSTRY".
Technical Textiles in Auto Industry has grown by leaps and bounds now.
Automotive Textiles:
Fibres for automotive textiles.
Upholstry Fabrics,
Pre formed parts.
Safty Devices.
Filters and Engine compartment items.
Rieter's Sliver Lap former.( pre Comber operation)
The Sequence of machines in cotton spinning:
Blow Room with auto mixer,auto doffer and chute feed.
Carding with Auto doffer and auto level directly feeding Draw frames or to
Manually fed Draw Frames.
Lap Former for Combing
Combing Machines.
Post Comber Draw Frames.
Simplex and in few cases to open-end machines from post comber or Cards but direct to Ring frames from Simplex always.
Ring Spinning Machines.
If the yarn is from the spinning machine (or open end spinning machines if required) it goes to Auto Coner and then to Packing and Marking Department.(If from Open End Machines it Goes to Packing and Marking Department) or if needed it is again rewound in Heavy Cone Winding Machines)THIS IS FOR GREY YARN SALES.

If the yarn is from Auto Coner it goes to rewinding or packing depending on the quality of yarn that is needed to the Quality of Fabric.
All the cones are tested for required specifications and sent to the next department.

About 400 cones of over 25000 meters in length of each cone is placed on the creel of the next machine.

This machine is called a warper.
The yarn is rolled in to several beams of nearly 3000 to 3500 threads on this warper machine depending on cloth to be woven.
The yarn is sized to give strength to withstand the stresses at the weaving stage.
Process is called Sizing.
Yarn is now rolled in to a sheet form after on the Sizing Machine itself.
It then goes to Drawing-in department.
It is than drawn through healds and reeds as per the design to be woven
It is than gaited on the Weaving machine that can weave the design
The cloth is woven as per design.
The weaving of the cloth may be:
1.A plain weave.
2.A rib weave.
3.A twill Weave.
4.A satin weave.
5.A Crap Weave.
6.ACheck weave.
7.A Stripe Weave.
8.A Georgette weave.
9.A Turkey weave.
11.A design vertically Woven.
12.A design of a Logo
13.A name along the border of the cloth woven.
14.A chiffon weave.
15.A Bandage cloth woven.
16.A tape woven.
The type of cloth woven depends on:
The Weaving Machine.
The use of colored yarns.
The fancy yarns.
The yarn parameters being different.
The Horizontal yarns ( known as weft ) being different.
The Vertical yarns ( known as warp ) being different.
There are many types of looms:
The Plain Loom.
The Shuttle changing loom.
The Dropbox & Jacquard looms.
The type of weave depends on the make of weaving Machine called "Loom"
The old loom.
The most modern loom.
The type of loom has a set speed.
The number of threads inserted is called picks.
The time taken to complete the weaving depends on speed.
The time taken to complete depends on set length.
Once the predetermined length is woven then:
The cloth is taken out from the Weaving machine.
It will then be sent to warehouse.
At the warehouse the cloth undergoes inspection and then is sent to further process and if it is for grey cloth sales it will go to the warehouse for dispatch.
(For Information to non textile persons)
Rieter filament yarn technology is a leading provider of extruder system as well as twisting and cabling system machines for the production of technical filaments due to a wide product range,Rieter's can offer a production and training center,tailored to fit each customer's needs. Regardless of weather you produce technical filaments for tires, artificial grass,conveyor belts or ropes etc..

US Forces - Could soon be wearing "Smart Fabrics" that monitor how they cope during combat situations.The fabric gathers information on heart beat,skin temperatures,posture,activity and breathing rate when against the skin.The textiles developed by New Zealand firm Zephyr and have been shown off at the hi-tech trade fair, Cebit.The fabric could also be used by athletes to hone their performance by measuring how they react in training.

The bio-harness and a shoe pod.The bio-harness(a length of fabric worn around the chest) and the shoe pod(a smart insole)are both made of a www.coynetextileservices.compatented textile that has sensors woven in to it.Once paired with electronics to store and broadcast data,this fabric can record physiological information. The product will find a role in health, defense and medical markets.

The bio-harness and shoe pod could also be used in subjects undergoing drug tests to see how their body reacts to a new medicine. The smart insole.or shoe pod,could find a role as a training aid for runners.The shoe pod can measure the size of a person's step to see where they place the most pressure and can also look at such parameters as where they push off from and how fast their foot hits the ground."It could be a great coaching tool for sprinters"

The smart insole might also prove useful for those recovering from serious operations to replace a knee or hip,as it could measure how a person's gait changes before and after the procedure.Either of the devices could also prove popular with amateur athletes keen to measure how they perform on their regular run."The next step would be to convert it to a cellphone"

Then you have an automatic connection to the internet so by the time you are home you can log on and see how you did.

Biomimitics and Textiles are thous that take ideas from nature and implement them in to new fibers and fabrics.

Biomemimetics are increasingly being applied to new textile technologies. The collection will draw together the research to explain how biologically inspired technologies can meet the needs of industry for cutting edge textile designs and products. Research is going on with a vegetable fiber in geo textile by ESPRC.(UK)

Synthetic fibers account for about 50% of all fibre usage IN EVERY FIELD OF FIBER AND TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY

Research in E - textiles.
They are fabrics that have electronics and interconnections woven in to them.

With this the physical flexibility and size that cannot be archived with existing electronics manufacturing

techniques, components and interconnections are intrinsic to the fabric and thus are less visible and not

susceptible to becoming tangled or snagged by the surroundings.
An E-textile can be worn in everyday situations where currently available wearable computers would hinder the user. E-textiles can also more easily adapt to changes in computational ans sensing requirements of an application,a useful feature of power management and context awareness.

Power Matrix.

Is a hybrid fabric consisting of polyester (PET) and copper mono filament in warp and weft . Such fabrics are known as:

"Electronix Fabrics"

E fabrics,they contain electric wires in weft.

E Textiles.Used in making Garments for special use.

The copper wire that is used has a thin sliver coating with a polymer varnish on top to serve as insulation. This enables the copper wire to be used to form a grid without electrical contact between the wires.

This is in E-Fabrics.

E-Textiles are E- Fabrics.

The Glove.( Dr. Tilak's Invention. )

This project focused on the design of a keyboard glove that senses the motion of the fingers to determine key strokes, integration of sensing elements and wires in a fabric in a functional manner, and gaining experience with piezo-electric sensors.Sensor positions for the implementation with film-form piezo sensors.
Implementation of the glove with piezo sensors in coax form. SOURCE - VIRGINIA TECH RESEARCH. ECE BRADLEY DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING. E -TEXTILES. THE GLOVE.Publication / Presentation. 
J.Edmision,M.Jones,Z.Nakad and T.Martin.
Plezoelectric for wearable electronic textiles using plezoenectric 
Materials for Wearable Electronic Textiles"
Sixth International Symposium on Wearable Computers
(ISWC 2002 )pp,41-48,
October 2002.

Byline: BRENDA LLOYD ATLANTA - NanoSonic Inc. has unveiled a new spin in the manufacturing of:
Nano TextilesElectrically conductive textiles in a makeshift washing machine. Materials engineer Andrew Hill and her colleagues, Jennifer Lalli and Rick Claus, are the innovators of the technique and are incorporating their trademarked Metal Rubber as an integral component.
Smart fabrics.... 
Something up the sleeve:...
* Employing infrared wireless...

* What technologies are...

Metal Rubber is a family of novel nanocomposite materials 
that are highly electrically conductive (hence metal) 
and highly elastomeric (hence rubber) 
freestanding, self-assembled films. ...

Human Wattage.

The Future US soldier.

NASA MATTRESS.(Body heat goes out and fresh air gets 
pumped in as indicated by the arrows in blue.

Switzerland exported 99% of it's textile machinery in 2006.
Picture of a hand with knife can't harm the hand with E- Glove.
The picture at left with temperature control glove to keep the hand at body temperature in freezing cold.

Some Good News.

Yes Minister.

Coimbatore, June 18:
To promote indigenous manufacture of technical textiles, the Center will implement a scheme titled 'Scheme for development and growth of Technical Textiles' at a cost of Rs 96 crore in the 11th Plan, Union Minister of State for Textiles E V K S Elangovan. said.

Elangovan was speaking after inaugurating an International Conference on Advances in Textiles, Machinery, Non-woven and Technical Textiles, here organised by a private college in collaboration with Texas Tech University, USA.

The government was aware that the sub-sectors of textile industry have to exploit the advantages accruing from these sub-sectors, he said.
The policy initiatives in coming years would be geared towards the development of these futuristic segments of textile industry, so that Indian textiles gained its place of pride in the world, Elangovan said.

With a large textile-manufacturing base and technical manpower, India has the potential to become the leading exporter of the various technical textile products, he said, adding demand and consumption of technical textile products would grow enormously in India in the near future.

On cotton, Elangovan said Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC) has contributed to increase in productivity and reduced contamination of cotton and 90 per cent of the targets under TMC in the 10th plan were achieved, he said.

Technology Up gradation Fund Scheme (TUFS), which was to come to an end by March 31, 2007,has further been extended by the UPA government and Budget allocation for TUFs has been enhanced from Rs 535 crore in 2006-07 to Rs 911 crore in the year 2007-08, he said.

Man Power for technical textiles required.
Know how in technical textiles & machinery required for technical textiles.

Training,research and development which are essential.

Do we have ?.
What is the capital required to set up a technical textile mill and a Textie Science College.

Who all will receive Rs 911 crore ?.
Is this sufficient ?.
How many Indian Textile Machinery Manufacturers represented India at "ITMA 2007"
Will somebody please mention in my Guest Book.

Leading German Technical Weaver and Finisher in technicaltextile. Internationally recognized as a leading technical weaver and finisher in the area of technical textiles.

IBENA offers a wide variety of products for several excitingly new and/or demanding applications:

Flame retardant textiles for work protection and safety.

Technical and fashion Grey fabrics for automotive textiles.

Fabrics for agro- and greenhouse technology.

Technical decoration fabrics.

Theater and studio fabrics.

Digital printing fabric.

Other industrial textiles for specified applications.

Is a vertical textile manufacturer, equipped with the latest warping, beaming and sizing machines.

Warp preparation also for third parties.

Its warp preparation department produces high quality warps both for in-house weaving as well as commission beam warping, sectional beaming / section warping for sales to third party customers.
The weaving mills are highly productive and flexible, 
with dobby and jacquard looms (air-jet, rapier and 
projectile weft insertion weaving machines) capable of producing fabrics over 5 meters 
(197 Inch) wide. A wet and dry finishing department with state of the art 
finishing machines allows the following finishing processes to be carried out:
Dry Finishing.
* Napping
* Cropping.
* shearing.
* drawing
*Wet Finishing.
* desizing.
* bleaching.
* washing.
* pre-print preparation.
* dyeing.
* bonding.
* heat setting.
* sanforizing.
Impregnating (antistatic, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, 
flame retardant, bactericidal, fungicide, 
oleophobic, fluorcarbon, starching)
Not only for own production: comission beam warping, 
Sectional beaming / section warping 
also for several other textile companies.
One of the highly valued strengths of IBENA is its well
equipped laboratory, which helps to ensure the 
extremely highquality standards of IBENA.

The laboratory also supports extensive product 
development activities, either in-house, with 
customers, or with partners in fiber and yarn 
production.technical textiles product development.
Both quality and environmental management systems of 
IBENA are certified 
to DIN EN ISO 9001 and DIN EN ISO 14001, respectively.
A combination of manual fabric inspection and opto-digital fault detection
ensure a homogeneously high quality standard of production and customer order satisfaction without compromising any ecological aspects.
IBENA is YOUR partner for textile solutions.
Please contact us, we shall be pleased to assist you.
Home IBENA Capabilities Products Contact feedback Home Textiles.
Impressum.Deutsch Francais.
®IBENA Textilwerke GmbH, 
Peterskamp 20, D-46414 Rhede, 
Tel: +49/2871/287-0 Fax: -130 email:
KE-Technical Textiles Pvt. Ltd., formerly KE-Burgmann Fibre India Pvt. Ltd., was part of an Indo-Danish joint venture, set up in the year 1991. In 2001 after financial & management restructuring, the company became independent of its parent company.

The company manufactures Technical Textiles from 
Fibre Glass, Polyester, Nylon and other new generation 
synthetic yarn for use in Lead Acid Batteries, High 
temperature, cryogenic, gaseous , corrosive and other hazardous industrial application areas.

The Company has its own facilities of weaving, processing and coating of fabric with various polymers & resin 
systems like P.T.F.E, Fluoro elastomers, Acrylic 
resins, Graphite, Silicone etc..

For specialized applications, work is undertaken 
from design stage by our team of qualified personnel. 
Research and development is an integral part of our 
company's activity. Our team of engineers and consultants 
are always available, not only for problem resolution 
but for innovativeproduct development and new designs.
Our other group of companies are :
Keld Ellentoft India Pvt. Ltd.
F.Harley & Co. Pvt. Ltd. Harley Nirafon India Pvt.
Products &Specification.
Fibre Glass fabrics for electrical insulation.
Texturised Fibre Glass fabrics for thermal insulation.
Fibre Glass fabrics for industrial application.
Fibre Glass filter fabrics for molten metal 
(Aluminum) filtration.
Fibre Glass filter fabrics for boiler houses.
Fibre Glass Scrim fabrics for construction industry.
Fibre Glass Ropes, Gaskets & Stitching threads.
Fibre Glass fabrics with various types of coating.
High temperature resistant Semi Conducting 
Fibre Glass fabrics.
Fibre Glass fabrics for Pressure Sensitive 
Adhesive tapes.
Texturised Fibre glass yarn braided with Brass wire &
Hybrid Texturised Fibre yarn with Cellulose for 
clutch facings.
Air Slides for Cement industries.
Gauntlet for Lead Acid Storage Batteries.

Electrical Insulation.
Thermal Insulation.
>Reinforced Plastics.
Coated Fabrics.
Scrims Fabrics.
Filtration Fabrics.
Pluri tubular bags (Gauntlet).
Fibre glass yarn & it's benefit.
Fibre Glass Ropes & Gaskets.
Clutch Facings
Research and Development has been a major focus of 
KETEX. It believes in close co-operation with its 
customers to develop new products .Its ongoing R&D 
by its dedicated team of qualified personal has yielded 
results and achievements to be proud of.
KETEX has developed a technique where it allows to 
weave very thin fiber glass fabric of 1.7 mil(.04 mm) 
& 1.2 mil(.03 mm) thick without any sizing. This enables 
KETEX to maintain the L.O.I of its fabrics 
to less than 2%, which helps in better absorption 
of resin and electrical insulation. Desized and 
Silane treated fabrics manufactured by KETEX are 
particularly suitable for this sheet lamination.
KETEX was first to develop Texturised Fiber Glass 
yarns braided with Brass wire for clutch facings 
after a continuous effort of about 2 yrs.
KETEX recently launched two more products for 
filtration applications. Combo bags that is 
used for better metal distribution of molten 
Aluminum during filtration and Fiber Glass 
filter fabrics for pulse 
jet applications.
KETEX has also developed Woven Tubular Bags 
(Gauntlets) with Polyester and Polypropylene 
blended yarn for application in submarine 

KETEX has successful undergone laboratory trials 
for the production of Acid Leached Fiber Glass 
fabrics and Polyamic acid.
KETEX is also actively participating with 
Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA in their 
R & D for Accelerator Magnets with React & Wind High Temperature Superconductor. We are supplying 
them highly specialized Fibre Glass tape for insulation of cables.
Registered Office.
Works Office.
5, Rameswar Shaw Road,
Phone :244-3623, 2445344.
Fax : 91 33 244 7918.
Person : Mr. Namit Shah.
Prem Bazar,P.O. Hijli Co-operative.
Phone  : 03222-777285.Fax :03222-777284.
Sukumar Roy.
Chennai Liason Office.
Sales & Purchase.
I-5, Vysarpadi Industrial Co-operative Estate.
Vysarpadi, Chennai - 600032,,
Phone : (044) 5520271, 5520244.
Telex - KELD IN , Fax - 044 5520272.
Email :
The ability to provide consistency and high quality are 
critical for aerospace applications. Kevlar® 
narrow fabrics (some up to 1 meter wide) used in 
containment wraps perform the 
important role of preventing broken engine blades 
from damaging the aircraft or entering the passenger 
compartment. The wraps, which may be up to 1 kilometer 
in length, must be flawless to be effective 
in this application. Our products are proven 
and specified in this demanding end use.
Fall Protection Narrow Fabric. 
Our expertise in manufacturing webbings 
incorporating Kevlar®, Vectran®, Spectra® and 
other specialty fibers allows us to design and 
produce products that meet your requirements for 
these critical applications. Whether the need is 
for a fall arrest webbing or webbing for safety 
harnesses, our products save lives.
In partnership, Technical Textiles, LLC and 
M. Wright & Sons, Ltd. are leading suppliers of narrow 
fabrics for the fire service market. Applications 
include webbing for SCBA harnesses, helmet chin 
straps, rescue belts, and recovery harnesses.
Our international customer base gives us a global 
perspective on the needs for these critical products.
Webbings made of Kevlar®, Nomex®, PBI® and our 
proprietary Pyrogard™ yarns are constructed to 
meet NFPA standards, including:
NFPA 1977—Wildland Fire Fighting.
NFPA 1971—Structural Fire Fighting.
Our ability to produce specialty webbing profiles 
has led to the development of a woven luff tape for use 
in high performance racing yachts. This is one 
example of the design and manufacturing 
capabilities available to our customers.


Our range of weaving is extensive, covering 
widths from 1/4” to over 40”. With both shuttle 
and shuttleless (needleloom) capability We have 
the flexibility to produce the appropriate woven 
products for your application. Our expertise
In this area allows us to be a high quality, 
competitively priced supplier due to cost saved by making the product 
correctly at the loom. This is extremely important with the high cost of raw 
materials used in specialty applications. After the webbing is made, we can provide finishing including dyeing, UV protection, or a wide range of other specialty finishes.
In addition to traditional flat webbings, We can produce products of unique shapes and profiles to meet your needs.
With both crochet and compound needle capacity, 
our knitting abilities are much broader than 
many narrow fabric producers. While traditional knit 
products are thought of as commodities, there are many applications when a knit 
construction provides better value and performance 
than other alternatives. One example is our 
protective knit sleeve.
Let us broaden your narrow fabric options.
We work with a wide range of performance based 
fibers. Our choices are based on optimizing 
the functionality of the construction and the interaction of the components in the narrow 
fabric. Some of the fibers and characteristics are listed below:
(Nomex) - Spun Vectran high-performance 
polyethlyene (Spectra).
Color -  yellow or black,dyed,white.
gr/denier  23  2.3-3.5  26-29
Effect of heat  decomposes at 900F 
carbonizes at 800F  melts at 
530F  melts at about 300F.
Abrasion resistance -Good 
UV - Excellent.
Resistance  fair
Acid - Resistance -Good
Good except strong minaral acid- Good
Alkali - unaffected 
Strong mineral bases.
<div<Fiber information above from Textile World 
Man made FiberChart and manufacturers of fibers.</div>
Whether your requirement is for an improved 
version of a current product, a completely 
new product, an improvement in quality, or a webbing that reinforces your brand, 
we can bring our expertise to focus on your needs.
Our breadth of experience and global perspective 
gives you an unmatched resource to improve your 
narrow fabric products.
Even if you decide that your current product is 
the best design, our quality and service can result 
in savings through reduced waste and optimal stock levels.Be more competitive in a 
competitive world, give us a call today!
Technical Textiles, LLC. 3933 Arborway. Charlotte, NC 28211. Tel: 704-576-0658. Fax: 704-367-9538.
Weaving technology giants invade technical 
textile sector.
Producers of machinery for mainstream textile 
have joined traditional specialist industrial 
fabric loom-builders in targeting an attractive 
and growing market segment, reports Phil Owen.
Miami is set for latest innovations in 
Nonwovens machinery.

The major nonwovens exhibitions – IDEA, Index and ANEX
 – remain important arenas for builders to reveal 
their latest developements. Nick Butler reveals the highlights to be found at: IDEA04 in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, 27–29 April.
Rieter gives spinning rotor an aerostatic 
radial bearing.
Has patented a novel suspension for the spinning 
rotor of an open-end machine, claiming its use 
substantially extends the operational 
life of the radial bearing.
Ginni Filaments.
RieterCelebrate inauguration of spunlace line.
On 17 March 2007, Rieter celebrated the 
inauguration of the first 
integrated spunlace line installed in India, 
sold to Ginni Filaments Ltd.
Protective and therapeutic fabric.
A fabric containing copper, zinc and silicon 
threads can protect the wearer from magnetic 
and electromagnetic fields, as well as 
providingmetallotherapy effects, 
according to its Italian inventor. 

Artificial grass.

Artificial grass blade from Spain.
By combining extrusion and thread wrapping, 
a Spanish company has 
developed a system for producing 
artificial grass
Meltblown Fabric. 
GE Osmonics Inc has developed a three-dimensional 
nonwoven of meltblown fibres, 
for use as a filter medium. 
The company from Minnetonka, Minnesota, USA, says 
the structure includes a mass of essentially 
continuous, meltblown polymer 
filaments and an essentially continuous, 
meltblown polymer filament that 
traverses and extends through this mass. 
Within the mass are several layers, 
each being generally oriented in the 
longitudinal and latitudinal directions.
US industry gets ready to show its true 
worth in Atlanta.
Technical Textiles International's 
latest team member is North American 
Correspondent John W. McCurry. 
He begins by surveying exhibitors at the 
forthcoming Tech textile North America 
to get their views on the state 
of our industry.
Saint-Gobain Vetrotex increases production capacity 
of Twintex composite reinforcement.Saint-Gobain Vetrotex’s 
Reinforcement & Composites unit has increased its 
European production capacity for the reinforcement 
based on thermoplastic and glass fibres 
(Twintex®) by 25% at its plant in Chambéry, France, effective from April2007.
Smart  Textiles.
The network has arisen as a result of shifts 
in the textiles industry, where the technical 
textiles sector is growing, shifts in developed 
economies towards the Information Age, the 
on all aspects of our lives through products 
and services, and changing consumer requirements. Smart textiles is not yet a 
discrete area. Its evolution will require input from a number of disparate sectors 
spanning science and technology, to design and the human sciences. It is a 
new channel of communication between such disparate sectors that the network aims to build.
The convergence of textiles and electronics will spawn 
the next generation of smart fibres and textiles 
that are truly smart. There are many electroactive 
polymers currently being developed by the 
electrochemistry industry, a convergence of 
electronics and chemistry, for what are being termed plastic electronics. Examples of these 
include polymer light emitting 
diodes for the next generation of displays 
and packaging; and polymeric semi-conductors for plastic electronic 
circuits. Electroactive actuator and sensor polymers are also in development. 
The future of smart textiles lies in the potential of technology 
convergence where these polymers are processed into fibres and fabrics. 
This convergence will enable soft intelligent textile products that have 
a broad spectrum of functions and capabilities, found in hard electronic 
products today. The network will highlight the need for different sectors to 
collaborate to address future commercial imperatives, gain access to 
new markets, and in so doing help de-mystify disciplines by transcending 
barriers, languages and cultures. The network is comprised of application 
based industries; defence agencies; cognitive and social scientists; computer 
scientists; electronics specialists; electrochemistry specialists; textile 
and fibre engineers; fashion, textile, industrial, interior and 
architectural designers; economists; future trend forecasters.
A principal aim of this network is to excite 
development in smart textiles and systems through 
cross-sectoral consultation, where users and 
designers are brought together with materials 
developers and designers. Technology-specific 
workshops will be held over the three-year period of the network, each of which will cover a specific 
technology area, e.g., sensors and actuators, 
display materials, circuits, antennas, switches, etc. It is hoped that ideas for research programme 
will result from these workshops, which can be put 
forward for funding to the DTI’s Technology Programme or to the EPSRC.
The experience of products is becoming a new 
commercial imperative. The transition from making 
and marketing a product to developing intangible concepts that satisfy the demand of higher order 
needs such as creativity, sensory and emotional 
fulfillment, is underway and gaining momentum. 
As we advance further into the Information Age 
material technology is forecast to disappear 
into our material environment, making these 
objects responsive and intelligent. This will 
have an impact on established cultures of products, the development process and consumption. As much 
of our material environment is composed of textiles, 
they will be the targets for smart engineering, enabling a move away from the traditional 
cold and hard face of technology.

No one knows how people will accept technology 
on their bodies and in their environments. 
The aim of the network is also to project 
what the future demand of these materials might be. 
There will be one seminar/workshop each year that 
will look at the bigger picture exploring the consumer of the future, future society 
and future economic ideas in relation to smart/intelligent technology. 
The network will seek to explore and translate 
future projected societal, cultural, technological and consumer shifts into product and market ideas 
through collective brainstorming, to enable members 
to understand what these changes mean for them and 
their sectors. The process of networking is 
becoming increasingly important in understanding 
how specialisms inter-relate with each other; to 
allow specialists to look at all dimensions, not just their own; for sectors to innovate and 
access new markets, and develop new systems for 
materials and product development. The network seeks to promote understanding between disparate 
disciplines. The activities will encourage exchanges 
of approach, thinking, methodology out of which 
may arise new methods, new R&D programmes, and even new hybrid sectors.
Sharon Baurley,
School of Fashion & Textile Design.
Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design.
University of the Arts London.
Smart Materials. Alan Hooper. Advanced Materials, QinetiQ, UK.
The key to 21st century competitive advantage will 
be the development of products with increasing 
levels of functionality. This will include structural 
and non-structural functions, individually and in 
combination, both active and passive. It will apply 
both to large structures, fixed and mobile, and to 
consumer products, including textiles and clothing. Smart Materials will play a critical 
role in this development.
The table below summarizes the classes of 
material that are commonly referred to as 
being ‘smart’, together with their 
corresponding pairs of stimuli and 
response variable 
e.g., photochromic – light – colour change.
ER fluids
MR fluids
Shape memory.
Negative Poisson ratio.
Stimulus-response matrix for selected smart materials.
(ER fluids – electro-rheological fluids; MR fluids – magneto-rheological fluids)
‘Smart’ or ‘Functional’ materials usually form part of a ‘Smart System’ that has the capability to sense its environment and the effects thereof and, if truly smart, to respond to that external stimulus via an active control mechanism. Often, the sensing function alone is taken as sufficient to constitute ‘smartness’. Smart materials and systems occupy a highly interactive ‘technology space’ which also includes the areas of sensors and actuators, together with other generic platform technologies such as biomimetics and nanotechnology. Additional, more narrowly defined related topics, such as ‘tagging’, also sit in this technology space.
There is no shortage of potential technical solutions in this area but,equally, no single solution will fit all applications. The need is, rather, to enhance the practical realization of the existing materials-based technologies, tailored to particular 
customer and market requirements. Key drivers will include 
materials and device integration within the relevant 
substrate, miniaturisation, connectorisation, durability 
and cost. Specifically in the smart clothing arena, systems 
must be affordable and be able to pass the washing machine test.
Applications for ‘Smart’ clothing will include healthcare and telemedicine; military, police and emergency service equipment; entertainment, sports and leisure; and fashion wear. Wearable electronics will support the development of distributed computing and communications systems and provide benefits in support of major Foresight nitiatives, such as crime prevention and the aging community. Alan Hooper is chair of the Smart Textiles and Systems Committee at the Institute of materials and is a technology translator for the newly launched DTI - supported Knowledge Transfer Network Smart.Mat Network.
Please go to and register(membership is free).
Research bodies working within Smart Textiles.
Smart Textiles.
Research Center "E. Piaggio", University of Pisa.,
Textiles and Clothing.
Chris Byrne.
Mediatex, Technitex, UK.
The scope of technical textiles.
The term “technical textiles” was coined in the 1980s to describe the growing variety of products and manufacturing techniques being developed primarily for their technical properties and performance rather than their appearance or other aesthetic characteristics. It largely superseded an earlier term “industrial textiles” (still widely used in the USA) which had become too restrictive in its meaning to describe the full complexity and richness of this fast growing area. A major international exhibition, Techtextil, was launched in 1985 to reflect the growth of technical textiles and soon developed a simple taxonomy that has been used ever since to describe the scope of this new industry and market sector.
!) Agrotech agriculture, horticulture, forestry and aquaculture textiles.
2  Buildtech building and construction textiles.
3) Clothtech technical components of shoes and clothing e.g. linings.
4) Geotech geotexiles and civil engineering materials.
5) Hometech technical components of furniture, household 
textiles & floor coverings.
6) Indutech textiles for industrial applications – filtration, 
conveying, cleaning etc...
7) Medtech hygiene and medical products
8) Mobiltech automobiles, shipping, railways and aerospace.
9)  Oekotech environmental protection.
10) Packtech packaging materials
11) Protech personal and property protection.
12) Sporttech sport and leisure.
Within each of these headings are literally hundreds of products and applications for textiles, some traditional, some replacing other well-established materials and techniques, and some that have been newly created by the unique properties and capabilities of textile materials and structures.
The automotive industry is not only one of the largest single markets for technical textiles but also one of the most diverse. Applications range from tyre cord, hose and drive belt reinforcements to thermal and sound insulation, safety belts and airbags, filters, cable harnesses and textile reinforced composites for body and suspension parts. Even the internal furnishings of a car – headliners, seating, carpets, parcel shelf and trunk liners – are all regarded as technical textiles because of the extremely demanding specifications to which they are made and tested.
As just one other example, the medical and hygiene textiles market ranges from high volume disposable products for babies’ 
nappies, feminine hygiene and adult incontinence through 
to extremely specialized and high value textile products 
for use in blood filtration, surgical sutures,
prostheses and, most recently, scaffolds for new tissue growth.
The economic importance of technical textiles.
The technical textiles sector in the UK alone is 
worth £1.3 billion per year and at least double thatin terms of 
downstream processing and fabrication activities. Worldwide, 
technical textiles account for 25-30% of all textile 
manufacturing and approaching 50% in some regions.
Most advanced textile economies (now including the likes of China, South Korea and Taiwan) have embraced technical textiles as a new 
source of growth and as an alternative to low added-value, mass production of textiles and clothing. Indeed, as the technology and functionality of these textiles increase, including combinations with other materials such as metals, ceramics, polymer films, foams and powders, many technical textile producers are now seeking to redefine themselves as part of a new advanced flexible materials industry, adopting new manufacturing techniques and addressing new markets which have little in common with their traditional activities. Likewise, many 
manufacturers from completely outside the textile sector are 
adopting textile and fibre-based materials and techniques wherever 
they see these as appropriate but without ever regarding 
as part of the textiles industry.
Meanwhile, many of the technologies and products of this advanced materials sector are diffusing across into consumer applications. The first generation of such ‘performance’ products were the membranes and breathable coatings of protective clothing textiles, first 
introduced into high-end ski and out-door wear but now almost an 
everyday component of leisure clothing. Similarly, a growing range 
of ‘well-being’ textiles have evolved from products initially 
developed for medical and other technical applications, 
in combination with innovative technologies such as 
microencapsulation and nanotechnology.
Beyond technical textiles.
The new promise of technical and performance textiles is an emerging generation of products combining the latest 
developments in advanced flexible materials with advances 
in computing and communications technology, biomaterials, nanotechnology and novel 
process technologies such as plasma treatment.
These will eventually have a direct impact upon all sorts of consumer textile markets, including both clothing and furnishings. The field of ‘wearable electronics’ has already 
captured the imagination of many researchers and large 
corporations and, although most products on the market today are relatively unsophisticated ‘implants’ of conventional electronics and wiring, the prospect of truly ‘interactive textiles embodying sensors, actuators and logic circuits built into the structure of the fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves is not impossibly far-fetched.
‘Technical textiles’ already sounds a terribly antiquated and inadequate term to describe much of what is going on in this exciting new market.
Research Bodies Working within the field of Textiles and Clothing.
1) Technitex. 2) Textiles Intelligence. 3) Tactile Technology 4) Medical / Health Care. 5) Saeed Zahedi
Wearable Medical Devices to Enhance Well-being
Over the last 3 years, PDD has taken a leading role 
in humanizing technology, enabling independent living 
for an increasing population of elderly, diabetics and 
disabled people. Applications of advance technology 
have also been used in the creation of innovative 
products, aimed at improving well-being in the form 
of smart medical products. A key area of technology 
application has been in the creation of innovative 
interfaces, as well as the creation of advanced 
interactive designs. Use of textile patches with 
scaffold for delivery of drug has already been 
explored by Pharma industry. Application of advance 
technology for provision of safe and invisible control 
of diabetic using compact actuators integrated with 
electro textile membrane, power paper and biosensors 
are being explored by many leading device manufacturers.
In order to focus the direction of future work towards 
interactive design and increase our knowledge base of 
wearable devices, PDD has funded a 2-year research 
programme in conjunction with UK government. The aim 
of the research programme is to understand the 
requirements of the medical devices, systems and 
products, which could enhance well-being, and 
facilitate independent living. Such products, 
for example, could be used for continuous monitoring 
of physiological parameters, integrated with smart 
diagnostic systems, providing alerts, prognosis and 
communication of key data through a telecare system 
to a specialist. Current research in electro textiles, 
knitted electrodes, biosensors in medical bio textiles 
scaffolds, Bioactive fibres, or the work by William 
Lee innovation centre have identified several routes 
for future product development. PDD’s programme aims 
to discover more about the potential applications 
of wearable medical devices, the required specification 
of materials, such as electro-textiles and 
other interfaces, which could be used for monitoring,
Healing, alerting, controlling and communicating.Links 
to Research Bodies Working within the 
field of Health.
My Heart,
EU-funded project.
Intelligent Health Garment Research.
William Lee Inovation Centre,
University of Manchester.
Smartlife Technology Ltd.
NANOMATERIALS AND TEXTILES. Michael Pitkethly. Cenamps.
When one is considering utilising nanomaterials 
in textiles much depends on what functionality 
is desired and the compatibility of the nanomaterial 
with the fibre material. 
The level of functionality is determined both by 
the specific properties of the material and also how it is incorporated with the fibre. The 
compatibility is determined in a large part by the surface chemistry 
of the particles and the production process used to 
make the nanomaterial.
tion of certain classes 
of materials.
Manufacturing nanoparticles can be achieved 
through a wide variety of different routes, some 
of which have been around for many years, others 
which are far more recent. In essence there are 
four generic routes to make your nanoparticles; 
wet chemical, mechanical, form-in-place 
and gas phase synthesis. The resultant materials can 
have significantly different properties depending on the route chosen to fabricate them and some routes are 
more aligned with the fabrica
Wet chemical processes – these include colloidal chemistry, hydrothermal methods, sol-gels, and other precipitation processes. Essentially solutions of different ions are mixed in well defined quantities and under controlled conditions of heat, temperature and pressure to promote the formation of insoluble compounds which precipitate out of solution. It is possible to control particle size closely and to produce highly monodisperse materials. However, bound water molecules can be a problem when combining with hydrophobic materials and for sol-gel processing especially the yields can be quite low.
Mechanical processes – these include grinding, milling and mechanical alloying techniques. Today the most common processes are either planetary mills or rotating ball mills. These are relatively cheap processes but there can be difficulties such as agglomeration of the powders, broad particle size distributions, contamination from the process equipment itself and it is very difficult to get to the very fine particle sizes. Commonly it is used for inorganics and metals but not organic materials.
Form-in-place processes – these include lithography, vacuum deposition (PVD and CVD) and spray coatings. These processes are more geared to the production of nanostructured layers and coatings, and are not generally used for the fabrication of dry powders although some companies are beginning to exploit these processes.
Gas Phase Synthesis – these include flame pyrolysis, electroexplosion, laser ablation, high temperature evaporation and plasma synthesis techniques. All these techniques rely on heating the feedstock material to above the boiling point to create a vapour and then rapidly quenching it to generate the nano particles. They are very suited to volume production and the production of a wide range of functional materials. This means that even highly refractory materials can be processed, however, these processes are not suitable for producing organic materials.
From these production methods materials can be made that provide a range of properties including conductivity, magnetism, piezoelectric effects, colour, water repellency and anti-microbial activity. The incorporation with fibers to produce the functional fibers and hence textiles is often a closely guarded secret. However, processes have been developed to control the surface chemistry to enable the nano materials to be either incorporated either into the bulk or onto the surface of the fiber during fiber manufacture, or to coat the surface of existing fibers. Depending on the functionality desired different routes are preferable.
Current and potential applications for fibers and textiles incorporating nano materials include stain resistant clothing, anti-odor for sportswear, anti-microbial medical textiles, conducting cloth, water repellent fabrics and textiles that can sense movement and wear, they may also be used to generate power to charge mobile devices. It is also entirely feasible to combine different functionalities in the same fibers, although this needs considerable further development. Many of these concepts are yet to be brought to market and more and more uses for these materials are being identified.
Smart Textiles Update.
By Dr. Kim Anderson, Writer/Reporter for [TC]²
In the late 1990's, academic institutions around the world were scrambling for grants on what they believed to be the next generation of textile research. Apparel companies were partnering with electronic companies to exploit what they hoped would be the lucrative advent of interactive textile products. The public's dependence upon mobile devices had created a need for lightweight, flexible electronic equipment. Textile structures- being strong, flexible, lightweight and able to conform to almost any shape -seemed to be ideally suited for use in revolutionary new products. The electronic industry had undergone new developments as the size of electronic components had become smaller and more powerful. If the fields of electrical engineering and textile science were merged, a whole new range of exciting opportunities could emerge. But how successful have researchers been? What challenges and hurdles have they encountered and have the hopes of offering true wearable electronics been squelched?.

Conductive textiles have been successfully produced by using thin wires of various metals in woven and knit constructions. By impregnating a knit, woven or nonwoven substratum with carbon or metal powders, semi-conductive fabrics have been successfully produced (Kuhn). For the last twenty years electrically conductive and semi-conductive fabrics have been utilized in a wide variety of applications including electromagnetic interference (EMI), static dissipation and microwave attenuation among others (Smith). These types of fabrics have been designed to alleviate problems in a passive manner.

By the late 1990's, it became apparent that a new genre of sophisticated textiles made from conductive fabrics could possibly be produced. The intent was to design interactive textile products with an electrically conductive network integrated into the fabric structure. The conductive network within the fabric would be designed to work in concert with the environment, soft switches and microcomputers; to be multi-functional and active; to be able to sense, respond and adjust to stimuli such as pressure, temperature, or an electrical charge interactive fabrics were coined as“ Smart textiles".

Judging by the deluge of hits generated from a Google search on “smart textiles” one would assume that research has paid off. In a more thorough search, you will find your share of “The page cannot be displayed.” This aside, a select few have made remarkable strides. Using conductive yarns that are thin and flexible, penny size batteries and soft switches and sensors, some companies are making some truly remarkable products.

Phillips NV, a Dutch electronics giant, the European division of Levi Strauss & Co. and Massimo Osti, an Italian designer, were some of the first to brandish their way into the commercialized world of electronic apparel. In 2000 they introduced the apparel line - Industrial Clothing Design Plus (ICD+). The line included four jacket styles, each equipped with a microphone, remote controller, mobile phone, an earphone and a MP3 player (audio encoding and compression form featuring high quality and small size). The jackets retailed for $600 and up.

Unfortunately, the electrical components had to be removed before the garment was washed, contributing to the limited commercial success. Undaunted by this first attempt, Phillips NV continues to invest in the development of wearable electronics- designing working prototypes that incorporate conductive textiles, fabric switches, fabric wiring, fabric stretch sensors, high-sensitivity fabric antennas and flexible electro-luminescent displays. Phillips has also developed apparel that features embedded GPS systems, mobile phones and digital cameras.

Gorix Ltd., a company based in England , has been in the forefront since the early 1990's, specializing in a 
variety of products with temperature controlled systems. 
The system contains a low voltage heating source that is 
powered by a simple circuitry and is capable of maintaining 
constant temperature regardless of the external ambient
temperature. Recreational jackets, blankets and beds for animals are just some of the products Gorix Ltd. 
offers. Recently Gorix developed a heated diving suit 
which incorporates an advanced heating system. Previously, 
diving suits were heated by pumping hot water from 
a support vessel. The patented heating system is 
comprised of a series of heater pads powered by a stainless steel battery unobtrusively mounted on the diver's air cylinder.

Canesis Ltd. is a textile research and development company, the UK subsidiary of Canesis Network Ltd. ( formerly the 
Wool ResearchOrganization of New Zealand). Canesis Ltd. 
has been a pioneer in the development of the SOFTswitch™, 
a fabric-based switch and pressure sensing technology. 
Stewart Collie, Science Manager of the Smart Textile 
Innovation Center for Canesis Ltd., was forthcoming 
about Canesis's research projects, highlighting some of their newest developments.

Canesis and AWI (Australian Wool Innovation) have teamed up to develop a heating system totally comprised of textile 
based materials. Unlike earlier heating systems that 
incorporate stiff, heavy wires, this system feels and 
drapes like a conventional textile. It is durable and 
washable. The heating system is currently being 
incorporated into socks as well as interior products 
such as upholstery and blankets.

Canesis Ltd. has also developed products that “light up.” A variety of products including safety apparel, 
novelty children's wear and textile displays incorporate 

(EL) technology. Electro-luminescent materials are flexible and completely integrated into the products. “We're extending technology into fabrics,” Collie says. 
“Laying electro-luminescent components directly onto fabrics 
in a way that retains the flexibility of the underlying textile. That technology could be used to 
create wall coverings or drapes that illuminate interiors 
in new ways.”

Collie believes the next major breakthrough in making intelligent textiles is actuation. Actuation refers to 
technology that will enable textiles to move in response 
to stimulus — “to allow textiles to adapt their structure 
or properties to suit the environment..” Collie goes on 
to elaborate, “This might mean that the fibers can lengthen 
or shorten to make the fabric structure get looser or 
tighter…the surface of the fabric can change from water 
absorption to water repellent if it starts to rain!” Admittedly they're not there yet, but neither is 
anyone else. “That sort of thing will be available 
in 5 to 10 years and mainstream within 20,” he says.

Eleksen, founded in 1998, has continued to demonstrate ingenuity in the design of smart products. The company 
lists a heavyweight roster of personnel highly experienced 
in innovation, product design, textiles, electronic and 
software development, manufacturing and marketing. 
Specializing in soft sensing and switching technology, 
their products are durable, washable, flexible and 
100% fabric . Products featured at Techtextil 2005, an international trade show catering to the latest 
technologies in technical textiles 
and nonwovens included.(No Textile Mill took it with
dedicated vision,and produced international quality
but were thingking of Profits)  

A super thin keyboard that is “flexible and coffee-proof.”
The keyboard is lightweight and can fold up to easily fit
into a pocket or bag.NOTHING LIKE THAT WAS IN MARKET 
A pressure sensitive five-button switch pad that can be
discreetly integrated into the sleeve of a garment. 
The garment is equipped with built-in headphones 
and an iPod.
(portable digital audio players designed and marketed
by Apple). The buttons on the switch pad are used to control volume and simple functions such as fast forwarding the iPod.
Flexible Keyboard.
Some of the challenges in the development of smart
textiles have been predictable associated with all new 
ventures. Others have been unique and rather unexpected.
A wide variety of issues need to be considered in the design and development of a product constructed using a 
smart textile. Successful design and development takes 
a panel of multidisciplinary professionals including 
textile scientists, polymer chemists, physicists, 
bioengineers , software engineers, consumer specialists 
and fashion designers. Finding a common meeting ground 
is only one of the challenges. With all the jargon associated with each field of expertise disregarding 
the intimidating technical terminology, it can be 
impossible to begin a working discourse. There is no 
doubt that bringing together skilled people from diverse 
professions, who can effectively communicate, is a hurdle 
that can't be dismissed.
For the textile technologist, a host of challenges arise
in the weaving room. It is often necessary to cut or weld 
the yarns within the electrical network. Today this process 
is done manually, slowing down the loom's running time. 
Some conductive yarns are in ribbon form. It is paramount 
that the ribbon yarns do not twist during weaving. To avoid twisting in the weft, modifications to the yarn feeders is necessary to properly tension and guide the 
yarn. When used in the warp in conjunction with traditional 
yarns, differential yarn take-up can occur. In order to 
maintain consistent yarn take-up, the ribbon yarn must be 
fed from a separate creel or warp beam. Weaving fabrics 
with an electrical network veers from traditional 
manufacturing. Smart textiles are made in short runs 
- and precision and quality are of the utmost 
importance (Seyam).
Product development is notoriously a costly and often
fruitless endeavor. In a report by Michael Kanellos of 
CNET, Robin Shephard, CEO of Eleksen, spoke 
candidly about the trials and tribulations of product 
“For the first few years, the company…chased too many
opportunities,” Shephard says. In 2004 for instance, Eleksen created 109 prototypes and landed only three deals. This year the number of prototypes will be reduced to between 20 and 30. But the high expense of research and development might 
just pay off for Eleksen. Sales are finally climbing. 
"We will do several million dollars this year as compared 
to the square root of zero last year," Shephard says.

The cost of smart products is an issue, but not only in the obvious ways. Currently, jackets incorporating special 
electronic features sell for as much as $3,000. With 
improved technology, developers expect to bring the retail 
price to less than 75% of that. Still, these are coveted 
unique products that make them premiere attractions for 
“stealing the coat right off my back,” an unfortunate 
reality. Attempts to conceal the electronic devices within the garment are not only an aesthetic issue, 
but a safety concern as well.

For products that are stationary, a power source does not present a problem. However, in a portable application such 
as a garment, some type of mobile power source is required. 
Stewart Collie of Canesis, says, “The size and weight of 
the power source required is a challenge for us, especially 
in portable applications. We are using conventional and 
rechargeable batteries, but also keeping an eye on any 
new developments in the field.”
Some scientists are having success using light as the power
source. Scientists in Germany have developed synthetic fibers 
that generate electricity when exposed to light. 
The researchers say the fibers could be woven into 
machine-washable clothes to make the ultimate in portable 
solar cells. The discovery may provide a big boost for developers of wearable computers. The 
only downside to this invention is that the power source is rendered 
dysfunctional in the dark.

Regardless of the challenges, there are some exciting opportunities in the field of smart fabrics. As emphasized 
at TechTextil 2005 in May, the vast majority of commercially 
available products specialize in pressure-sensitive keypads 
and heating systems. No doubt, as the electronics and textile 
industries continue to make advancements, new innovative 
products which can respond and adjust to external stimuli 
will emerge.References:Collie, Stewart.Canesis Ltd,
Little Lane llkley, LS29 8UG,
United Kingdom.
Gorix, href="
Kuhn, Hans and Andrew Child.
“Electrically Conducting Textiles.”
Handbook of Conducting Polymers.
Ed. Terje Skotheim, and Ronald Elsenbaumer, and John Reynolds. 2nd ed. 1998.
Seyam, Abdelfattah. “Electrifying Opportunities.”.
Textile World. 30-33.
February, 2003. Seyam, Abdelfattah. Personal interview. NCSU, College of Textiles.2005. Smith, William. “Metallized Fabrics-Techniques and Applications.” Journal of Coated Fabrics. Vol. 17. April 1988. Industrial Textile Associates. Greer, SC 29651. August 2005. The Glove can make you hold the blade of a long knife which can't injure your hand. The"ThermeX"glove keeps your hand at body temperature in freezing cold. TEMPERFLOW MATTRESS AWARD. Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison. by Brad Bartz. Los Angeles CA (SPX) October 10, 2006. 
Both the Temperflow™ (left side) and the Tempur-Pedic® 
(right side) Mattresses were placed side by side for Comparison 
purposes.Reporting on the latest space industry new has enabled myself, 
as well as the rest of the Space Daily staff, to witness some of the greatest technological advancements in the space industry. However, one of our most fond advancements has been the one we get to enjoy personally on a daily basis…the creation of NASA’s space age visco-elastic memory foam used so widely in the bedding industry.
In case you might not already know, the leading company who
produces visco-elastic foam mattresses is Tempur-Pedic®. They were the first to market NASA’s technology in the 1980s and have increased their market share steadily since. Over the last five years there has been an explosion in the bedding industry with many other mattress companies bringing their own visco-elastic foam mattresses to the market place.
However, it is unclear how many of these mattresses really
offer a similar feel and quality that the Tempur-Pedic® brand image has been able to spring board off of. The feeling I am referring to, in case you have been living on Mars and haven't tried one out yet, is the sensation of your total body being supported as if the mattresses was being molded around you, only to have it slowly come back to shape after you roll over.
To be fair, not every person has felt that visco-elastic
space age foam mattresses are the best choice, citing that they can often get too hot because of the lack of breathability that occurs with the very dense visco-elastic foam.
That is why we were excited to test out a new patent pending
visco-elastic memory foam mattress called the Temperflow™, which claimed to offer a ventilation system to keep you cooler, while comparing in feel, support and comfort to the Tempur-Pedic® brand.
The Temperflow™ uses a patent pending technology that allows
body heat to ventilate out the mattress, while cooler air can flow back into the mattress. See for more information about how their technology works.They did so by offering a design that uses many small ventilated holes that travel through the surface of the memory foam and exit through the convoluted airflow channel middle layer. While the patent pending design of the Temperflow™ looked impressive, we wanted to take it one step further and actually compare side by side this new mattress to the TempurPedic mattress model that they believed it most directly compared to. They chose the Deluxe bed by Tempur-Pedic, so we ordered one of each for comparison testing purposes.
Upon inspection of the two mattresses, we noticed that the covers
both seemed to be made of a stretchable, thinner velour material. After removing the covers of both mattresses, we found a thinner socking material that we were informed was used to make mattresses fire resistant. Each mattress had an approximate one inch top layer composed of a softer visco-elastic foam, followed up by what appeared to be three inches of a slightly firmer visco-elastic foam.
Temperflow™ (left) and Tempur-Pedic® DeluxeBed (right) both
use socking material for fire resistance. the socking material is thin enough to allow the foam to conform around the body.
The DeluxeBed had two layers of what appeared to be the same
type of bottom base foam, while the Temperflow had only one thicker bottom base foam layer. Both mattresses had a convoluted area on the surface of the base foam with peaks and valleys that enabled airflow to travel across them.

When I pushed on the surface foam for each mattress, I was
able to feel air come out the sides of both mattresses at the convoluted side portions. However, with the patent pending ventilation technology of the Temperflow, I was able to also feel air come out the top through the many small holes in the visco-elastic foam on the surface, where as I could not feel any air come through the Tempur-Pedic visco-elastic foam surface. Then came the most important test of all, the direct comparison of lying on both mattresses and testing the pressure comfort, feeling of proper support, and temperature comfort.
With the socking removed, it was apparent that both the
TempurPedic® DeluxeBed (left) and Temperflow™ (right) use four inches of top memory foam divided up into two layers and both have convoluted base foam underneath to increase airflow. However, the Temperflow™ has many small ventilation holes that go through the top layer surface down to the airflow convoluted air channel layer. See for more information about how their technology works.
After going back and forth from one mattress to another several times, I have to admit that I did not discern much difference in the memory foam sensation and overall mattress feel between the two mattresses. I also had several staff members perform the same test.
The best that I, as well as the other Space Daily staff
members could come up with, is that the Temperflow™ may start off feeling a bit softer initially, but both seemed to feel the same after lying on them for several minutes.
At that time I did not feel that I could make a decision
about which one kept my body temperature cooler, as I knew that from my past experience that it may take several hours on a mattress to determine how hot it can get. So I did just that. After splitting a night’s sleep on both mattresses, I was able to verify that the Temperflow™ did indeed keep my body cooler overall. It is also a consensus from the other Space Daily staff members who have since slept on the two mattresses, that Temperflow™ does indeed live up to its claim of being able keep the body cooler.The Temperflow™ uses a patent pending technology that allows airflow to circulate through the foam via a patent pending ventilation system. See for more information about how their technology works.
Both mattress companies show their confidence in the
longevity of the mattresses by offering 25-year limited warranty for the Temperflow™ and a 20-year limited warranty for the Tempur-Pedic® mattress. Both companies offer a sleep trial to ensure that you are completely satisfied you’re your purchase, but the Temperflow™ offers a 120-day sleep trial, as compared to Tempur-Pedic®’s 90-day sleep trial.
Needless to say, my staff and I agree that this new patent
pending technology that the Temperflow™ uses, really offers a way to get the feel and support of the leading brand and best selling Deluxe model from Tempur-Pedic®, but with a cooler airflow ventilation system. Therefore, we unanimously decided to give the Temperflow™ visco-elastic foam mattress our Space Daily product innovation award for making excellent use of NASA’s space technology for home use and bringing to the market place a new, innovative technology that really works.
The Temperflow is a trademark of Relief-Mart, Inc.
Tempur-Pedic is a registered trademark of Dan-Foam A/S Corporation. We don't sell either the Tempur-Pedic or Temperflow brands. The information on this site with regard to Temperflow and Tempur-Pedic mattress brands is strictly for comparison purposes.

Related Links. Temperflow Innovation Award at
How it Works.
Our patent pending technology allows air to flow through the mattress by allowing a total airflow circulation through many small holes that go through the surface of the memory foam and out through the convoluted channels on the firmer base foam. This total circulation system also works in reverse, as air can enter through the sides and up through the surface holes. This also allows the heat from the body to ventilate down through the holes and out through the air channels of the convoluted layer of the mattress, while cool air enters through the sides of the mattress or the top of the mattress in an area that you are not resting on and circulates up through the holes to the surface of the mattress. While some mattress companies offer airflow through the middle layer of the mattress, they fall short of allowing the mattress user to receive any airflow benefit, as it is well known that good quality memory foam does not breathe well due to its heavier weight and compact cell structure (the very reason that memory foam feels so dense when you lay on it). That is why this patent pending airflow circulation technology will really keep your body temperature constant throughout 
the night.
How the Temperflow™ Supports You Better. Visco-elastic foam is the only substance which can
make a total imprint of your body, but then slowly come back to shape after your body weight is lifted. This slow return rate is what allows a comfortable, yet supportive contouring of all the bumps and curves of the body that eliminates the rebound pressure that hard springs and rubberized foam has when you compress it with your body. Visco-elastic memory foam can commonly be seen in 3lb, 4lb., and 5lb. densities. While 3lb. memory foam or below is often softer, the lower viscosity will make it less durable. 5lb. memory foam is usually more firm until it has warmed up to the body, this is because the extra viscosity will make the memory foam more dense in feel and more subjective to environmental temperatures.

That is why the Temperflow™ uses our special Three Layer
Design that starts with one inch of 4lb. memory foam on the surface of the Temperflow and follows this with three inches of 5lb. memory foam underneath. This will allow the mattress to be more instantly comfortable in all temperature environments, but still very supportive and durable in structure. We follow this up with the highest quality high resilient polyurethane base to give you the total support. We compression set our memory foam to the high resilient base foam with a completely breathable and stretch forming fire resistant sock. The Temperflow™ also uses a velour terry cover that has been specially designed to allow for total breathability for use with our patent pending airflow
circulation technology to keep your body temperature constant all night long.
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Engineering Quadrangle, Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08544  Phone: 609.258.3500.
Fax: 609.258.3745.
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Sigurd Wagner
Professor of Electrical Engineering.
Ph.D. 1968, University of Vienna.
I am working on devices, processes, and materials 
for large-area electronics, which is also called 
macroelectronics or giant electronics. Macroelectronics 
includes flat panel displays, rigid, flexible or foldable, 
electronics shaped to cover irregular surfaces, electronic 
skin and e-textiles. My active device technology 
is based on thin-film silicon. My research interests stem 
from a career that began at the Bell Telephone Laboratories in 
1970, where I worked first within the 1 Kb RAM project, 
and then on new device applications for ternary chalcopyrite-type 
compound semiconductors and other novel electronic materials. 
In the course of this research I co-invented several new solar 
cells, of which the CuInSe2/CdS cell is in industrial 
production. As branch chief, I established between 1978 and 
1980 the photovoltaic laboratory of the newly founded Solar 
Energy Research Institute at Golden, Colorado. In 1980 I 
joined Princeton University as professor of electrical engineering. 
My appointment in Princeton's Institute for the Science and 
Technology of Materials reflects my interest in electronic 
materials. I also hold an appointment in the Program in Plasma 
Science and Technology because of my work in plasma-enhanced 
deposition of silicon films. My participation in the Princeton 
Environmental Institute arises from an interest in environmental 
aspects of electrical engineering. I also am an associate of 
the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination. I was born 
and raised in Austria, have held visiting appointments at the 
Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba, Japan, the University of 
Linz, Austria, and was a senior fellow of the Humboldt 
Foundation at the University of Constance, Germany. I have 
been active in the IEEE, the Materials Research Society, 
and the Electrochemical Society, am a fellow of the 
American Physical Society, of the Institute of Electrical 
and Electronic Engineers, and a Corresponding Member of the 
Austrian Academy of Sciences. I am the author of over 450 
publications and co inventor in thirteen U.S. patents.
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Prof.Sigurd Wagner.
Princeton University.
New Jersey.
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Home Page of Dr.Siguard Wagner.
Nanocrystalline  Si TFT  
Stretchable conductor.
Macroelectronics makes use of integrated circuits 
bigger than semiconductor wafers. Flat panel displays 
and medical X-ray sensors are current macroelectronic 
products. Sensor skin and e-textiles will serve as 
human/machine interfaces, and mechatronic materials 
will marry structural to electronic functions. 
Advanced macroelectronic technology is based 
on transistor backplanes made on flexible, 
shapeable, and elastic substrates. Macroelectronics are made by thin film techniques. 
The transistor backplane provides power, switching, 
computation and communication. The functional front 
plane is built on top of the backplane. The 
function may be a liquid crystal, a luminescent 
or light sensing device, a touch sensor or an actuator 
element. Encapsulation caps the structure and protects it. 
Because the functional layers may be only micrometers thick, 
the weight of macroelectronic systems is as light as their 
substrate and encapsulation will allow. Such thin active 
electronics also pose fascinating scientific challenges. We were first to introduce silicon transistors on flexible 
foils of glass (1995) and steel (1997), and have a long 
record of developing transistor technology on organic polymer 
substrates. All of these are entering industrial use. 
We have been helping companies start 
their transistor-on-plastic programs. 
Our novel combinations of silicon thin film 
electronics with foils of plastic, metal or glass 
also are beginning to find application 
outside of macroelectronics, for example, 
in tunable high-precision optical filters, 
very-low pressure sensors, and microfluidic chips. Updated on 28 January 2004.JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
GloWEAR High-Visibility Apperal. Cold & Foul Weather Apparel Technology and Tradition Warm to Each Other The need to keep dry during inclement weather 
go about meeting that need are more individual. What all have in common is that they are 
outside—there's not much need for a poncho or 
parka indoors unless the roof is leaky—which is 
why surplus and outdoor retailers are 
particularly well suited to outfitting 
them against the elements. As your customers may have varying reasons for 
being outdoors in bad weather, their need 
also differ. A utility lineman and a mountain 
bicyclist may both be out in the same 
downpour, but the lineman will benefit 
from apparel that offers some degree of 
safety and visibility, while the cyclist 
will want apparel that does not impede his 
or her movement. Both of these customers' 
needs can be met. For work and play. One option for meeting the requirements of the lineman comes 
in the form of the rain and thermal foul-weather gear Ergodyne 
introduced to GloWEAR High-Visibility Apparel line in 
late 2005. It's intended to shield workers from rain, 
sleet, snow, cold, and wind while keeping them standing 
out on the job with high-visibility, ANSI-certified materials. The collection includes a rain jacket, rain pant, thermal 
jacket, thermal pant, and a 4-in-1 jacket with detachable 
sleeves. Each item has a polyester weatherproof outer 
shell that uses a breathable PU material and ANSI 
107-certified 3M Scotchlite reflective 
tape, according to Ergodyne. For cyclists who aren't going to let a drenching rain 
deter them, "soft-shell" apparel is a possibility. 
The term "soft-shell" describes outerwear that performs 
the tasks of two or more garments (generally the insulating 
and outer layers) in traditional layering systems. 
These jackets, vests, and pants are designed to be soft 
to the touch, highly water resistant, highly wind resistant, 
highly breathable, and more often than not, stretchable. The fabrics employed fall into three main categories: 
stretch wovens, laminated stretch wovens, and encapsulated 
fibers. There is, however, some tradeoff in terms of the garments 
not being completely waterproof.You can help steer your 
outdoors-loving customers to the rainwear that best suits 
their needs by asking them about the temperature range they 
expect to encounter, what type of precipitation they expect 
to encounter and how much of it, and what types of sporting 
activities they'll be engaged in while suited up. Military solutions. The needs of other customer groups can be met more 
generally. The Extreme Cold Weather System (ECWS) 
format, developed for U.S. military personnel and 
now in its second generation, has taken its place 
in both the public-safety and commercial sectors. 
Although soldiers are the primary beneficiaries 
of ECWS wear, law-enforcement personnel 
also don ECWS clothing, and there are children's 
sizes of this type of apparel. W.L. Gore & Associates has staked plenty of 
opportunity in the strictly commercial sector 
as well. Its Windstopper shell insulated jackets, 
available from manufacturers such as Marmot and 
The North Face, are described as "completely windproof 
with maximum breathability. They provide maximum 
warmth by keeping warm air in and cold air out, 
while allowing perspiration to escape. "By allowing moisture vapor to escape, the Windstopper 
jacket wearer stays warm and comfortable longer without 
overheating," according to W.L. Gore. "In addition to the 
unique combination of windproofness and maximum 
breathability, Windstopper garments are water resistant to 
shed snow, ice, light rain and other moisture. As the ECWS format had made inroads into the civilian 
clothing market, so too has the 
Protective Combat Uniform (PCU), an interchangeable 
15-piece, seven-level ensemble 
developed by the Special Operations Forces Special 
Projects Team at the U.S. Army Soldier 
Systems Center in Natick, MA. The Soldier 
Systems Center describes the seven levels of 
the PCU as follows: * Level 1. "A durable, silkweight Polartec Power 
Dry fabric worn next to the skin wicks away 
moisture and dries fast. It consists of a crew 
neck T-shirt and boxer shorts, or is available 
in long-sleeve top with invisible zipper and pants, 
built for comfort and minimal weight." * Level 2. "A long-sleeve shirt and pants made from 
Polartec Power Dry fabric are worn next 
to the skin for extra warmth in extreme 
conditions, but still wicks away moisture quickly 
from skin and dries fast. An inserted side panel 
of Polartec X-Static fabric enhances fit 
and flexibility. "The top has a front 15-inch zip for extra venting and a 
soft lining around the collar. Comfort features include an 
articulated side seam on the pants to minimize chafe on the 
kneecap." * Level 3. "An insulative mid-layer jacket made from 
Polartec Thermal Pro fabric is water-repellent yet 
breathable. It is worn as an outer jacket in mild 
temperatures or as a heavy insulative layer in 
extreme cold. Seamless shoulders minimize chafe, 
which are then lined for extra warmth and padding 
for heavy pack straps." * Level 4. "The soft windshirt is made from an encapsulated 
microfiber that repels water but also breathes for a 
variety of conditions. It's designed 
layer for intense activity in cooler temperatures or 
with the Level 5 soft shell as a 
mid-layer. It stuffs into its own pocket for easy
to pair with a next-to-skin  packing." * Level 5. "The key to the entire system, this soft 
shell fabric jacket and pants are made with fibers 
encapsulated with silicone that are highly stretchable, 
windproof, water repellant and breathable. 
They are paired with Level 1 or 2 next-to-skin layers, 
ready for any cold weather aerobic activity." * Level 6. "A lightweight waterproof and coated nylon 
over gear. The jacket features water-resistant zippers and 
armpit zips for maximum ventilation, pocket openings to 
quickly access inside layers and a hood that incorporates a stiff brim. The pants borrow the same design from Level 5 but provide 
waterproof protection." * Level 7. "For extreme conditions, this lightweight, loft-insulated level in a jacket, 
vest and pants has the feel of down but retains its warmth when wet. Silicone-encapsulated 
fabric sheds water and is paired with Primaloft insulation for maximum warmth while the 
liner pulls away moisture." This Story Printer Friendly.
Photonic textiles
Philips demonstrates photonic textiles that turn fabric into intelligent displays Options + Search Research + Printable version of this page + Email this page Berlin, Germany -- At the Internationale Funkausstellung (IFA) 2005, Philips is 
demonstrating photonic textiles—fabrics that contain lighting systems and can therefore 
serve as displays. With the development of this new and unusual technology, Philips 
Research is pointing the way toward a new age in the long history of textiles. At first glance, objects such as clothing, towels, upholstery, and drapes would seem 
unlikely places on which to place intelligent and interactive systems. Yet these 
low-tech objects figure prominently in our lives. By integrating flexible arrays of 
multicolored light-emitting diodes (LEDs) into fabrics—and doing so without compromising 
the softness of the cloth—Philips Research is bringing these inert objects to life. To meet the challenge of creating light-emitting cloth objects that retain their softness, 
Philips Research and textile institute TITV Greiz have developed an interconnecting 
made entirely of cloth. Researchers from Philips have also created flexible and drapable 
substrates from plastics and films. On these substrates, the researchers have placed passive matrices of compact RGB LED 
packages. The pixelated luminaires with relatively large distance between the RGB pixels 
have been embedded in such everyday objects as cushions, backpacks, and floor mats. 
Since the fabric material covering the miniature light sources naturally diffuses light, 
each pixel seems bigger than it actually is. The LEDs, therefore, remain small and 
unobtrusive, while the fabric retains its soft look and feel. Photonic textiles can also be made interactive. Philips has achieved interactivity by 
incorporating sensors (such as orientation and pressure sensors) and communication devices 
(such as Bluetooth, GSM) into the fabric. The results of these innovations are as various and promising as they are novel. Photonic 
textiles open up a wide range of applications in the fields of ambient lighting, 
communication, and personal health care. Photonic textiles are still young business. Even at this early stage, however, Philips envisions partnerships with 
interior and apparel brands that see the potential of photonic textiles to revolutionize 
the very concept of fabric. The demonstration at IFA is also meant to show the 
opportunities offered by this technology and to gain customers’ and visitors’ 
feedback on these options. Photonic textiles. An interconnecting, flexible substrate with a matrix of red, green and blue LEDs is the 
fundamental building block of application prototypes of photonic textiles. Photonic textiles. Applied in soft fabric, the light from the small pixels diffuses, resulting in more or less 
continuous light-emitting soft surface.Lighting (fabrics).Philip's. Research on interactive light-emitting systems used in textiles.
The resulting drapeable luminaire structures open up a wide range of innovative 
lighting applications in the fields of atmosphere providing, illumination and indication
January 6, 2003 E-Fabrics to Smarten Up Shoes and Sheets By Katrina C. Arabe Electrotextiles may one day bring us body-monitoring shoes and bomb-detecting sheets, but 
 for now, technology developers must tie up a few loose threads. 
Electronic textiles or "electrotextiles" are promising to jazz up everything from shoes to 
shower curtains. Made from such wire- and electronic device-woven fabrics, footwear may soon 
tell us how fast we're running or how rapidly our heart is racing. 
Curtains could change hues, and shirts could play music.

Indeed, at the Materials Research Society meeting in Boston last month, e-textiles 
were all the rage. In fact, aside from being the next fashion craze or curiosity, 
these fabrics also have crime-stopping potential. Laid out in walkways or buildings, 
large-area e-textiles can record footfalls, detect biochemical agents and nab smugglers.

And for the U.S. military, these e-fabrics—which can collect environmental and biomedical 
data—could mean superior protection for future soldiers from enemies and the elements.

But there are still wrinkles to iron out. For one, e-fabrics are too stiff to be wearable. 
"I'm sick of looking at e-textiles that are circuits, and not textiles," says Maggie Orth, 
CEO of Massachusetts-based International Fashion Machines (IFM), an MIT Media Lab startup 
that's working on e-textiles.

The conductive fibers in these textiles must not only bend and bunch, like that of any 
but also withstand the turbulence of a washing machine, the jabbing of a sewing machine 
needle and the snapping of threads.

And with all these concerns collaring in the technology, many at the MRS meeting concede 
that e-textiles may be more useful for industry than for apparel.

Even researchers from DARPA, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, admit 
that currently e-textiles would be as impractical for soldiers in warfare as suits 
of armor.Instead, DARPA researcher Elana Ethridge suggests using e-fabrics in 
battlefield parafoil, a parachute-like material found in kites and paragliders. 
A parafoil made from e-textiles would be much more precise, she says, adjusting to 
fluctuating winds and temperatures by changing shape or texture, for steering.

And because electrotextiles may be able to do more than receive and transmit electrical 
signals, Ethridge sees their potential in explosion detection. In fact, DARPA is 
developing a sheet interspersed with sensors that can be rolled out like a tarpaulin 
to protect certain areas. Such sensor-studded sheets could detect nearby explosions, 
sense biochemical agents and even activate the shutdown of affected areas.

In earthquake zones, says Ethridge, these large-area e-fabrics could tell us how well a 
building or other structure is holding up. 
In addition, they could be spread out just below a street or pavement to keep tabs on 
vehicle or pedestrian traffic because they can be made as long as required, says John Muth, 
an associate professor at North Carolina State University in Raleigh.
However, these tarpaulin-like e-textiles and embedded sensor arrangements also pose some 
technical problems. For example, in a sensor-studded smart carpet, "signal attenuation 
(or reduction in strength) and the ability to form reliable interconnections present 
serious challenges," says Muth.
Present telecommunications standards could take care of radio frequency interference and other concerns, says Muth. In addition, he says, engineers could develop fabrics composed of several layers—just like current microprocessors and circuit boards—"to incorporate power and data transmission on different levels."
Another snag in e-fabric development is the shortage of flexible 
display technologies, says Orth from IFM, which is talking to Nike 
about making training sneakers that monitor your heart rate, hydration, 
blood sugar levels and even your running speed by changing color. 
"We have the means to collect and transmit the data, but not to display it," 
she says.
Fortunately, Orth's shoes may be given a running start by a new
development at the Xerox Research Centre of Canada (see Are Silicon's Days Numbered?). Chemist Beng Ong and colleagues have recently developed printed organic electronic transistors that he says are durable enough to supplant the silicon integrated circuits in LCDs. And these transistors are likely to be featured in monitors and other devices within three to five years.
In fact, such organic circuits, which can be sprayed on thin plastic sheets, may be just what we need to make flexible gadgets like roll-up televisions."When the electronics become flexible enough that we can watch videos on the backs of people's T-shirts, then we'll really have something to talk about," says Raymond Oliver, a senior research fellow at Imperial Chemical Industries.
For now, we'll have to wait a few seasons for chameleon shirts, 
smart underwear and toasty, thermal garments.
Sources: Shoes and Sheets Get Wired.
Philip Ball.
Nature, Dec. 6, 2002.
E-Fabrics Still Too Stiff to Wear.
Mark Baard.
"Boeing 787".
Dream Liner.
July 12, 2007 Carbon Fiber is Taking Off... Again By T. D. Clark
You'd be hard-pressed to classify carbon fiber as an exciting 
new material. It sure can be exciting, but truth be told, this 
stuff has been around for awhile. Yet exciting developments 
indicate that the use of carbon fiber as a safe and efficient 
compound to build the unthinkable continues to gain traction.
The most recent — not to mention biggest — pro carbon fiber
news item arrives in the shape of what has become the most popular jetliner Boeing has ever launched. Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner jet, which debuted earlier this month before 15,000 onlookers.
As of last week, the Chicago aerospace company had accumulated 642 orders from 46 airline customers by promising that a combination of lightweight carbon-fiber composite building materials and fuel-sipping engines will make the plane 20 percent less costly to operate and a third less expensive to maintain than current long-haul jetliners. The orders for the plane total about $100 billion at list prices — or, as The Wall Street Journal describes it, “roughly equal to the gross domestic product of New Zealand.” (The orders also mean up to 1,200 final assembly jobs at Boeing, a figure that doesn’t take into account the suppliers where 70 percent of the Dreamliner will be built.) 
Boeing officials hope that last week's extravagant roll-out 
befits a plane that could be a game-changer in aviation, much 
the way the first U.S. passenger jet, Boeing’s 707, redefined 
aviation in the 1960s (by enabling airlines to fly to far-flung 
destinations more quickly than propeller-driven planes, allowing 
carriers to offer economy seating for the first time and making 
air travel more affordable).
Boeing’s strategy with the 787 has been to make a light,
efficient, smaller-scale jet to appeal to carriers concerned about costs. As such, among the other innovations, the company is making the wings out of carbon-fiber composite instead of metal. This marks the first large passenger jet to have more than half of its structure made of composite materials, carbon fibers meshed together with epoxy, instead of aluminum sheets.** Although the plane is not yet ready to fly (It starts flying passengers in May 2008), last week’s roll-out ceremony marked the first time airline customers and the public were able to touch and feel commercial aviation’s first large carbon-fiber jetliner, a main wing and fuselage (body) of which are made entirely out of the material.Other than the fact that this is aviation’s first large carbon-fiber jetliner, what makes this news so special?
For starters, BusinessWeek claims the use of carbon-fiber
composites will ultimately replace that of aluminum in future commercial airplane programs, thus “opening new possibilities for increased fuel efficiency, better environmental quality and improved passenger comfort.” Even Northwest Airlines CEO Douglas Steenland says “it will change air travel.”
Northwest has 18 Dreamliners on order, with options to order
50 more. In total, 47 customers have ordered a record 677 Dreamliners since its launch in 2004. Here’s why, according to BusinessWeek: • The 787 is the first large commercial jet to incorporate an all-composite fuselage and wing — about 50 percent of the plane is made from carbon-fiber materials. The lighter-weight materials combined with advances in jet-engine technologies have resulted in an airplane that will use 20 percent less fuel than similar-size aircraft.
• Plastics don’t corrode like aluminum, thus eliminating some required and costly 
airframe inspections and repairs. Boeing estimates such costs will be reduced by 
30 percent over the life of the aircraft — a huge potential savings for airline 
operators. 787 carbon fiber fuselage.(Picture elsewhere please) 
A disassembled carbon fiber fuselage section of Boeing's 787 Dreamliner 
Credit: Wikipedia.
If the design works as planned, analysts say, composites will revolutionize aircraft as 
dramatically as the industry’s shift from wood to metal 80 years ago. (BusinessWeek also 
mentions other important airplane parts that are currently being re-designed with carbon 
fiber in mind so be sure to check it out. It certainly makes one think of the endless 
possibilities this versatile material is capable of building.)

Since the introduction of the fiber into common commercial use a few decades ago, carbon 
fiber has become one of the leading materials used in Formula 1 car production. There 
is also growing demand for carbon-fiber composites from industrial markets such as 
deep-water oil platforms, construction, CNG and hydrogen storage tanks, as well as marine 
and automotive applications, according to Further, much has been said 
about the potential for carbon fiber use in wind energy systems. “The driver for its use 
is the need to optimize stiffness-to-weight as wind turbine designers increase blade length 
(and rotor swept area) to make turbines more cost-effective,” according to High-Performance 

The market price of carbon fiber saw a 150 percent increase during 2005, primarily due to 
increased use in the civil aerospace industry. Allocation and contracts to Boeing’s 787 
Dreamliner and Airbus’ A350 XWB caused supply constraints, and suppliers raised prices to 
suit. The carbon fiber industry was seemingly unprepared for the demand spike caused by both 
the commercial aircraft industries and the Pentagon. As such, producers have addressed 
increasing their capacities aggressively. Still, demand continues growing faster, and 
according to Fibre Glast Developments, “a few big users are squeezing smaller users, even 
smaller industries, right out.” 
**While the 787 is certainly an ambitious deployment of carbon-fiber composite, according 
to the Wired Science Blog, “it ain’t the first commercial attempt. That honor seems to go to 
the Beech Starship. ‘Even though only 53 were ever made, [it] was certainly a production 
aircraft … It was made entirely, wings and all, of carbon fiber,’” a reader wrote in.

Dr. Orth's new technology is part of an emerging wave: weaving all sorts of intelligence 
into textiles, including the ability to detect dangerous chemicals, sanitize themselves, 
and serve as communication networks. Applications run the gamut, from health and sporting 
goods to sophisticated combat uniforms.It's a field – variously known as smart fabrics, 
e-textiles, wearable computers, or 
intelligent textiles – that many anticipate will become one of the next hot drivers of the 
American economy. Advocates also expect it to propel technology forward in general, because 
its applications are so diverse.

"It is a much different way of thinking about a digital or computer medium," says Orth, a 
graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab and cofounder of a company 
called International Fashion Machines in Cambridge, Mass. "Electronic textiles still are 
at a 'black art' stage. But this industry is in a growth period."Orth says some of the 
technology will begin to be commercialized within the next three years."Society in the 
next 10 to 15 years will involve people being surrounded by electronic gadgets with 
ambient intelligence," says Werner Weber, senior director of corporate research 
and emerging technologies at Infineon Technologies AG of Munich, Germany. The firm is 
developing electronics to be used in smart textile applications for consumers. 
"The wearable electronics will be woven in, so customers don't have to think about 
manuals."Orth's company is working on a technology called "electronic plaid." 
The fabric contains electronic wires and tiny capsules of a special thermochromatic 
ink that get darker or lighter as they are heated or cooled.

As the wrinkles get smoothed out of the technology, it could be used in shoes, jewelry, 
or handbags with designs that change colors. Cubicle walls, point-of-purchase signs, and 
even camouflage fabrics for the military are other possible applications.

In the more distant future, it might even be possible to change the color of a 
pair of pants from dark to white if, say, you are traveling from a cold to a hot climate.

Currently, the electronics can control up to 64 yarns at a time, each able to turn light 
or dark. "We're working on getting each to turn a third color," Orth says, noting the 
large variety of colors that would allow.

Listen to your jacket.

If some products would make a visual impression, other
experimentalimental jacket with an integrated MP3 player. A flexible woven inch-wide ribbon 
carries sound to the MP3 player's headphones. A more integrated MP3 version of the 
jacket is in the works. Such electronic ribbon also might be used for wireless 
communications, for example, to locate a hiker trapped under snow in an avalanche.
Another main project for the company is developing new technology that can use body heat 
as a low-power energy source that might be able to run a watch.Miniature thermogenerators 
can exploit the few degrees of difference between the outside 
temperature of the human body and the surrounding air by converting the heat into electrical 
energy, Dr. Weber explains.

The technological possibilities for fabric are, of course, of great interest to the 
US military. The armed forces have been experimenting with weaving computer and 
communications technology into uniforms. Future combat dress also might keep soldiers warm 
and fight off germs, and eventually detect and fight chemical and other dangerous agents.
Soldier of the future.

Much of the smart-fabric, "soldier of the future" research is centered at the US Army 
Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Mass. There, scientists and technologists are tackling a 
variety of textiles that can transport power and information. One example is a soldier 
sticking his or her intelligent glove finger into water to see if it is safe to drink. 
The soldier could communicate with others either by a fabric keyboard that might be unrolled 
from the pocket of a uniform, or simply sewn or woven in as part of the uniform's sleeve.

If electronics and optical technologies could be integrated successfully into textiles, 
there could be a striking improvement in battlefield communications.

One such project, the Battle Dress Uniform, gives soldiers camouflage and environmental 
protection, but it also may become a wearable electronic network to send and receive data.

The Soldier Systems Center already has collaborated with Foster-Miller Inc., a Waltham, 
Mass., engineering and technology company, to develop a fabric-based version of a Universal 
Serial Bus cable. USB cables are in common use in today's office and household computers to 
connect to the Internet, among other things. Normally stiff, heavy, and coated with plastic, 
the USB cable has been transformed into something thin, flexible, and wearable with flat 

Making the connection.

Embedding electronics into clothing used in harsh, dangerous environments is no small task. 
Already, a combat-ready soldier carries 35 pounds or more of weapons and provisions, and each 
new technology, whether it be a head-mounted display or an antenna that runs up the soldier's 
back or around his or her waist as a long belt, adds weight. Such new technology potentially 
could double the load for today's combat soldier. That's one of the reasons lightweight and 
flat fabric technology is of such keen interest to the military.

Future-warrior systems include global positioning systems, combat identification sensors, 
monitors, chemical detectors, and electronically controlled weapons, all connected to the 
soldier's computer to provide instant access to information.

But getting the wires, and more futuristic technologies such as optics, into uniforms and 
smart vests, and making them easy to use, is challenging. Wires must be flexible enough 
to be comfortable, carry signals, be safe to the soldier, and not give away his or her 
position, which is why the Natick group is shying away from wireless technologies and leaning 
toward "wiring" soldiers.

Optical technologies must use cables that do not bend much, because the signal will be 
interrupted. And then there are the connectors that attach the wires among the various 
computing devices so they can communicate.

"The goal is to provide the soldier with executable functions that require the fewest 
possible actions on his or her part to initiate a response to a situation in combat by using 
intelligent textiles," says James Fairneny, an electrical engineer and project manager at the 
Natick lab.

Mr. Fairneny's group is looking at different ways to make electronic equipment more integral 
to textiles, and then to manufacture them. Much of the technology is at least six to eight 
years away from practical use, he says.

"We need to make the antennae and other electronics as unobtrusive as possible to the 
soldier," he says, adding that the new technologies will require training for use.

Threat detectors.

The US Army also is collaborating with MIT, having recently promised the university $50 million for a new Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies. The aim is to improve soldiers' protection and ability to survive using new tiny technologies to detect threats, and automatically treat some medical conditions.
The Army isn't the only branch of the military actively developing smart textiles. The US Navy funded a project in 1996 that eventually turned into the Smart Shirt, a product commercialized by SensaTex Inc. in Atlanta, with technology from Georgia Tech Research Corp. The T-shirt functions like a computer, with optical and conductive fibers integrated into the garment. It can monitor the vital signs, such as heart rate and breathing, of wearers, including law enforcement officers, military personnel, astronauts, infants, and elderly people living alone.
But for consumers, antibacterial and antimicrobial polymers may end up having the broadest 
applications. These new materials could find their way into everything from socks and 
children's clothing to soldiers' uniforms, and from surgical gowns to countertops and 
refrigerators that can fight off germs.Gregory Tew, assistant professor in the department 
of polymer science and engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 
and his colleagues are devising molecules that act in much the same way as cells 
in the human body to combat germs. In addition to embedding such molecules, called polymers 
and oligomers, into clothing, they could be put into paints and coatings. This could, for 
example, keep barnacles from adhering to vessels, and prevent ceramic tiles in the bathroom 
from mildewing.

"We think we can make a material that will be cost-effective and nontoxic," says Dr. Tew. 
"And it will be resistant to water and detergents. It has the potential to keep surfaces and 
materials permanently antiseptic."

The College of Textiles at North Carolina State University, in Raleigh, has been working 
on a flame-retardant compound that could be used in children's clothing or toys, as well as 
soldiers' uniforms or even Formula One car racing suits.

Alan Tonelli, professor of polymer science at the college, says one 
application could be spraying polymer-based clothing onto emergency 
workers going into a fire or dangerous chemical spill – almost like 
spraying on a cocoon of protective fabric that later could be removed.

"Body scanners already can measure and make a garment to fit you 
perfectly," Dr. Tonelli says. "But we could put this into a portable 
machine for a hazardous-materials crew, or even use it to cover up a 
dangerous spill in the future."

Making smart fabrics affordable, workable, and user friendly is still 
some years off, most in the field acknowledge. But one thing is certain. 
When they arrive, people will think twice before balling up their dirty 
"smart clothes" and throwing them on the floor.
HUMAN WATTAGE: Infineon has developed a thermo-generator chip that can produce enough electricity to run a watch, using the difference between the body's temperature and the surrounding air.
For further information:
•  Natick Soldier Center
•  Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies
•  U.S. Army Plans for Warriors of the Future
•  Infineon Technologies AG : Wearable Electronics
Please Note: The Monitor does not endorse the sites behind these links. 
We offer them for your additional research. Following these 
links will open a new browser window.
Fabric with Ears.
By Laurie Ann Toupin
Contributing Editor.
Design news.
December 2,2002.
I hate to shop. I especially dislike it during the holidays. But if any store at the mall had a sale on these new e-textiles, I might consider going. This electronic cloth, interwoven with microelectronics, serves as a large detection array that pinpoints sources of faint sounds.
Co-investigators Robert Parker and Mark Jones at the University of Southern California School of Engineering's Information Sciences Institute in Los Angeles, CA, embedded arrays of small, standalone detectors into fabrics that communicate with each other by wires. Existing prototype fabrics have discrete electronics attached after the normal weaving process, says Parker.
But the goal is to eventually produce individual yarns that provide an electronic function such as a battery power source or a transistor array; a sensor of environmental conditions such as temperature or airborne toxins; or an actuator such as a synthetic muscle. In the immediate future, Parker expects these fabrics to be sewn into parachutes or tents for the military where they could be used for surveillance missions or to detect distant vehicles moving on battlefields. "These yarns are conceived to be very thin and flexible and able to be woven into the cloth on a loom in a standard high-volume cloth manufacturing process," says Parker.
The type of fabric chosen would be determined by its final use and could vary from cottons for shirts to heavy canvas or Kevlar for heavy-duty military applications. "Although early work focuses on acoustic sensing, think of future wearable fabrics with integrated cell phones, navigation systems, or personal warning systems," says Parker. "Think of your shirt or slacks 'interacting' with the environment as you pass through it. Think of walking into a mall and your shirt tells you where you can get that special gift item that has been on your 'must get' list for months."
Now that may be enough to even get me into the malls!
For more information,
contact: Robert Parker by FAX at (703) 812-3712 or e-mail:
Wearable Computing Gets Dressed for Success.
With rapid miniaturization and continuous increases in computing power, 
the quest for a truly mobile platform has enabled researchers to move 
beyond the laptop and even the palmtop to develop what is termed as the
wearable computer. This revolutionary always on computer constantly 
interacts with the environment to enable users to seamlessly access 
information in real time without having to interrupt any of their current 
activities. Significant advances in several related areas such as 
smart/embedded electronics, electronic textiles, display systems, 
and processors have increased the adoptability of wearable computing 
to such an extent that it can now be used in many exciting real-world 
applications. Context awareness is another area garnering increasing 
attention as researchers attempt to create a context-specific solution
that could further enhance the capability of the wearable computer.
Due to advances in processing power, improved form factor, and the development of conductive textiles (that is, e-textiles), the computer has well and truly become wearable, remarks the analyst of this research service. Conductive fibers that can transmit both data and power, advanced processors that are able to strike a balance between performance as well as power consumption, and printable electronics are the true enabling technologies driving this advance in computing. However, high costs and concerns about return on investment (ROI) are currently casting a shadow on the future acceptability of wearable computing from a commercial perspective.
Tremendous Technology Advances in Related Areas Boost Wearable Computing.
Some of the key areas of interest associated with wearable computing include context awareness and e-textiles due to their huge potential in improving the functionality of this technology. Context awareness refers to the sensitivity of the system to temporal and spatial information and aims to provide users with only the most useful information. A complex array and network of sensors as well as wireless devices work together to make this possible, continuously updating users with information based on their current location in space and time. Thus, users gain greater freedom as well as more time to perform purely productive activities.
In the smart/e-textiles area, researchers have been able to develop IBENA offers a wide variety of products for several excitingly new and/or demanding applications:
An intelligent fabric capable of transmitting data as well as power. The ability to embed sensors in clothing provides a means of measuring vital signs of individuals and transmitting the same wirelessly to remote centers, says the analyst. This enables not only healthcare facilities, but also the military to keep a close watch on patients and army personnel, respectively. E-textile technology also holds great potential in patient monitoring as well as in enhancing the effectiveness with which medication is provided to patients.
For more information visit.
KnollTextiles harmonizes color, pattern and texture for corporate, hospitality, retail, educational, healthcare and residential interiors. In the coming months, you will be able to explore the complete range KnollTextiles upholstery, panel fabrics, wallcoverings, drapery and hardsurfaces at In the meantime, please visit the Fabric and Finishes.
Library.NTC - INDIA
To Revamp 2 mills
Through PPP.
13 Apr, 2007 - India.
National Textile Corporation (NTC) has identified two mills in Tamil Nadu-Coimbatore Spinning and Weaving Mills and Sri Sarada Mills of Coimbatore - for modernisation.
NTC will modernise the two mills through a joint venture by creating special purpose vehicles (SPVs) based on the public-private partnership (PPP) model.
NTC will hold 51 percent stake in the proposed SPVs, while the remaining stake will be offered to strategic partners along with management participation.
NTC will spin off the mills into SPVs to which the assets will be transferred on outright sale or long-term lease basis.
How do we get the details?. The land value of the two mills is estimated at Rs150-200 crore each. NTC has already invited expressions of interest for the joint venture.

No advertisement I seen in leading English News Papers.

China consumed 37% of World textile Fibres in 2004 becoming 
the top consumer of manmade Fibre/yarn and cotton in the World. 
It produced 32% of global Fibres in that year. China accounts for 
55% of total polyester production in the World, 41% of viscose, 31% of 
cotton, 25% of acrylic and 17% of nylon. During the period 2000 to 2004, 
it appetite to consume manmade Fibre was roaring at a rate of 17% per 
annum a bit faster than the 15% increase clocked in the 1990s.
The other major consumers of manmade Fibre were USA, West Europe, India and Taiwan 
who together consumed 27% of World’s Fibre production. Taiwan was the second largest 
producer and a major exporter of manmade Fibre in 2004. During the year, its exports 
accounted for 43% of domestic production. India has become a net exporter of manmade 
Fibre in 2004. Among the 11 countries under the study, China, USA, West Europe and Pakistan 
were net importers of manmade Fibre while, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, Japan, Indonesia, 
Malaysia and India were net exporters.China, USA, India, Pakistan and Brazil were 
major producers of cotton in 2004. They together accounted for 74% of global production. 
The major importers of cotton were China, Turkey and Pakistan in 2004 while USA, 
Uzbekistan and Australia were major cotton exporters.
World Fiber Demand & Supply:-
The “World Fibre – Trends in Demand and Supply” is the first compendium from YarnsandFibres presenting the demand and supply trends in manmade Fibre industry. The compilation covers all major Fibre producing countries accounting for 87% of global production and 81% in consumption. Time series on trends from 1990 to 2004 on production, imports, exports and apparent consumption is presented country-wise for 11 countries including all major Asian countries, USA and West Europe.

This attempts to place in perspective, the trends witnessed in manmade Fibres since 1990 with regards to production, consumption and trade. The presentation is made through descriptive analysis of the trends and changes in Fibre industry with detailed tabulation in various permutation and combinations and graphical presentation. The purpose of this compendium is to serve as a basic information infrastructure for textile companies and to all those who are related to Fibres and yarns industry. The compendium will also serve as a ready to use reference and the presentation help easy and quick consumption of the information.

The Report is divided into three sections: Global View, Fibre View and Producer Consumer View.The first section covers World production of manmade and natural Fibres for the period 1980 to 2004. This section covers time series on production of polyester - with its two streams the staple Fibre and filament yarn, nylon – staple Fibre and filament yarn, viscose – staple Fibre and filament yarn and acrylic staple Fibre. Among the natural Fibres, the report covers production of cotton, wool and silk.

The aggregation is done for each of Fibre group namely manmade 
Fibre – cellulosic and synthetic, and natural Fibres. They are 
further aggregated into total Fibres production. 
Also tabulations on year-on-year percentages changes and 
each Fibre/yarn’s share in respective segment are presented.

The second section covers details on each Fibre with a view of presenting major producers and consumers of individual Fibre/yarn. Here, it covers production, demand and trade (imports and exports) of each Fibre/yarn distributed by countries. The countries are China, Taiwan, Korea, India, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan, Malaysia, USA and West Europe. Tabulation also includes year-on-year percentage changes of each indicator, each countries’ share in World aggregate.

The third section is the Producer/Consumer view containing profile of each country by the Fibre or yarn they produce trade and consume. This covers time series on production, import, export and consumption for the period 1990 to 2004. An analytical view covers tabulations on year-on-year percentage changes in all the indicators, the Fibre/yarn’s export intensity in terms of domestic production and the country’s dependence on import in relation with its domestic consumption.

The report will be useful at all levels of decision makers and particularly, handy for textile corporate and business planner.

The data on manmade Fibre and natural Fibre is available in myriad of sources. We have collated the data from best and authentic sources after verifying the same with industry peers. In our endeavor to serve our clients, we shall release the next report in 2006 with updated data for 2005 and also incorporating projection over the period of next five years.
Table of Contents.
Section I
The World Fibres
Global Fibres: An Overview
Table 1.1 World Fibre Production
Table 1.2 World Cellulosic Fibre Production
Section I
The World Fibres
Global Fibres: An Overview
Table 1.1 World Fibre Production
Table 1.2 World Cellulosic Fibre Production
Table 1.3 World Synthetic Fibre Production
Table 1.4 World Natural Fibre Production
Section II
The Fibre View
Polyester: An Overview
Table 2.1.1 Polyester (S+F) Production
Table 2.1.2 Polyester (S+F) Imports
Table 2.1.3 Polyester (S+F) Exports
Table 2.1.4 Polyester (S+F) Apparent consumptio
Table 2.1.5 Polyester Staple Fibre Production
Table 2.1.6 Polyester Staple Fibre Imports
Table 2.1.7 Polyester Staple Fibre Exports
Table 2.1.8 Polyester Staple Fibre Apparent Consumption
Table 2.1.9 Polyester Filament Yarn Production
Table 2.1.10 Polyester Filament Yarn Imports
Table 2.1.11 Polyester Filament Yarn Exports
Table 2.1.12 Polyester Filament Yarn Apparent Consumption
Nylon: An Overview
Table 2.2.1 Nylon (S+F) Production
Table 2.2.2 Nylon (S+F) Imports
Table 2.2.3 Nylon (S+F) Exports
Table 2.2.4 Nylon (S+F) Apparent Consumption
Table 2.2.5 Nylon Staple Fibre Production
Table 2.2.6 Nylon Staple Fibre Imports
Table 2.2.7 Nylon Staple Fibre exports
Table 2.2.8 Nylon Staple Fibre Apparent Consumption
Table 2.2.9 Nylon Filament Yarn Production
Table 2.2.10 Nylon Filament Yarn Imports
Table 2.2.11 Nylon Filament Yarn Exports
Table 2.2.12 Nylon Filament Yarn Apparent Consumption
Acrylic: An Overview
Table 2.3.1 Acrylic Staple Fibre Production
Table 2.3.2 Acrylic Staple Fibre Imports
Table 2.3.3 Acrylic Staple Fibre Exports
Table 2.3.4 Acrylic Staple Fibre Apparent Consumption
Viscose: An Overview
Table 2.4.1 Viscose (S+F) Production
Table 2.4.2 Viscose (S+F) Imports
Table 2.4.3 Viscose (S+F) Exports
Table 2.4.4 Viscose (S+F) Apparent Consumption
Table 2.4.5 Viscose Staple Fibre Production
Table 2.4.6 Viscose Staple Fibre Imports
Table 2.4.7 Viscose Staple Fibre exports
Table 2.4.8 Viscose Staple Fibre Apparent Consumption
Table 2.4.9 Viscose Filament Yarn Production
Table 2.4.10 Viscose Filament Yarn Imports
Table 2.4.11 Viscose Filament Yarn Exports
Table 2.4.12 Viscose Filament Yarn Apparent Consumption
Cotton: An Overview
Table 2.5.1 Area Under Cotton Cultivation
Table 2.5.2 Cotton Production
Table 2.5.3 Cotton Imports
Table 2.5.4 Cotton Exports
Table 2.5.5 Cotton Consumption
Section III
The Producer-Consumer View
An Overview.
Table 3.1.1 Fibre Industry
Table 3.1.2 Manmade Fibre Production
Table 3.1.3 Manmade Fibre Imports
Table 3.1.4 Manmade Fibre Exports
Table 3.1.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption
Taiwan: An Overview
Table 3.2.1 Fibre Industry
Table 3.2.2 Manmade Fibre Production
Table 3.2.3 Manmade Fibre Imports
Table 3.2.4 Manmade Fibre Exports
Table 3.1.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption

An Overview. Table 3.3.1 Fibre Industry, Table 3.3.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.3.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.3.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.3.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption West Europe: An Overview Table 3.4.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.4.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.4.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.4.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.4.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption India: An Overview. Table 3.5.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.5.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.5.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.5.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.5.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption Korea: An Overview Table 3.6.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.6.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.6.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.6.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.6.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption Indonesia: An Overview Table 3.7.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.7.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.7.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.7.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.7.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption Thailand: An Overview Table 3.8.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.8.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.8.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.8.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.8.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption. Japan: An Overview Table 3.9.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.9.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.9.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.9.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.9.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption
Pakistan:An Overview.
Table 3.10.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.10.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.10.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.10.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.10.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption Malaysia: An Overview Table 3.11.1 Fibre Industry Table 3.11.2 Manmade Fibre Production Table 3.11.3 Manmade Fibre Imports Table 3.11.4 Manmade Fibre Exports Table 3.11.5 Manmade Fibre Apparent Consumption
Phone - Mumbai -  2266101050
Smart textiles in Pakistan.
Value addition in smart textiles
Date: 31/07/2006
Dawn, July 31, 2006:

THE lack of technological advancement in Pakistan has restricted cottons presence in home textiles. These days when textile fibrous materials are becoming an integral component in bridges, architecture, combat vehicles, automotives, aeroplanes, medical implants, protective wears against bullet, shock, radiation and heat, the idea of perceiving textiles only for party dresses, suiting or bed sheets appears too narrow.The revenue contribution of textile sector in Pakistan does not come from export of textile processing machines or chemicals; it comes from the export of garments, clothing, and textiles where cotton is the sourcing material.The potential of textile articles had only been realised or discussed in home textiles, and many of the higher-value added textiles (smart textiles) received little or no attention, and are therefore imported
Our import of such articles is in textile and clothing products that are used in defence, medical, protective and safety applications etc.The value of home textile articles weighing 10 kg would hardly be equivalent to 100 kg value of smart textile article, Most of the major cotton producing and textile exporting countries have done much in developing smart textiles. However, there is a lot needed to be included in this category.
An appreciation of the advancement made in smart performance and application of textile articles is definitely interesting for those learning and working in the area of smart textiles and at the same time it indicates the directions currently pursued in smart textile research and development.The interesting nature of such applications creates a level of appreciation that helps in supporting the research for high- performance textiles. Smart textiles or high-performance textiles are desired to exhibit engineered characteristics for selective purposes. For example, we cannot expect an ordinary extile product to retard fire, and harmful radiation, however high- performance textiles, can offer such attributes.
The unique combination of properties like flexibility, softness, permeability, strength, thermal, and electrical resistance of textiles provides several reasons to attract the innovation interest for research and development. Such combination of properties is not seen in several other materials including metal, ceramic, plastic, wood, glass, paper etc.It has resulted in attractive interdisciplinary applications of textiles where electronic textiles set interesting examples. The time has come when user will see the electronics that are wearable and water- washable.

Electronic textiles (e-textiles) are textile fabrics with electronics and interconnections woven in their structure. They possess physical flexibility and size not known in conventional electronics.Components and interconnections are intrinsic to the fabric structure with reduced chance to be seen, tangled together or snagged by the surroundings. Thinking for electronics that can be draped over a vehicle or a tank is achievable using textile fabrics.The use of fabric as station to deploy electrical components results in wearable devices costing less consumption of human energy and efforts.

Moreover the flexibility of fabric provides the opportunity to modify the shape for conforming new requirements of applications. The relative position of components including sensors, actuators, processing elements can be altered.Research studies at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University indicated that future studies and advancement in the area of electronic textiles would introduce numerous applications ranging from simple computing devices to advanced protective and sensing textiles.
Embedded system technologies and smart materials can be integrated and interfaced in e- textiles
Such design will accommodate hardware and software applications.The design process of an e- textile should appreciate the complexity, cost, and effectiveness of system. This process must be based on a set of percept derived from experience and developing concepts. Software/ hardware architecture of an e- textile using defined percept would facilitate the future research, and produce applicable models. An understanding of theories, fabrics, embedded conductive threads/ fibres, and the connections in electronics and fabric are significant in producing a prototype.Computing elements, sensors, and actuators can be seamlessly configured in known textile products such as shirts, hats, parachutes, and blankets. Sophisticated fibre technology is introducing new fibres that may function as batteries, durable wires, and speakers.

The current research and innovation in e- textiles is addressing the matters in computing the infrastructure, and examining the applications.An example is the acoustic beam-former that senses the presence of a large vehicle and report its position and direction of motion. The system receives acoustic data through microphones and processes it, and communicates the result to outside world or peer system.Electronics and computer peripherals are now available in market and a stream of electronic items is expected to emerge that are soft, compact, flexible and portable. There are two areas where textiles and electronics are taking the directions. First, the smart textile interface fabrics are adding value in electronics.

In other areas, electronics are enhancing the functional textiles; for example the sensor and communication technology are used in protective wear, out door sports, children wear, and medical applications. The idea of developing wearable computer can be more simplified through the advancement in e- textiles; and from kids to officers- all may hope to see light- weight, comfortable, and easy- to- wear clothing in the market using in- built CPU. Light- weight laptop system can be made even lighter when replacing plastic key boards with smart fabric key board.Smart fabric control devices are increasingly becoming the part of electronic items, and offer added value in the performance for the end- user.

The patented achievement of Eleksen called Eleck Tex is a laminate of textile fabric layers (0.6 mm thick) producing flexible touch sensor.The in-built sensor can detect where and how hard it was pressed. This is a washable product used in several consumer applications. Handheld PCs, smart phones, personal digital assistants are the some examples where wireless key board fabric may be used.ElekTexR technology can be used by the product designers to produce control for electronic devices that are soft, light weight, flexible, washable, and wearable. Its applications range from wearable electronic control for consumer electronics and industrial wear to light- weight, low- power touch interfaces for telematics, military, transportation, and space suits.

It may replace the hard touch pads, flexi- circuits, and polymer switches which do not find wider 
uses in growing demand of wearable electronics. The sensor woven/ embedded in sleeves of jackets or straps of rucksacks provides easy- to- wear control for mobile phones, headphones, or microphones. Elek Tex may also provide electronic accessories including in- built speaker or volume control.
Microsoft Corporation has selected Eleksen, UK based manufacturer of smart fabric interfaces, to design and manufacture the peripherals for the Ultra- Mobile PCs.The business interest in the innovative smart fabric developed by Eleksen for electronic devices has been realised, and private equity investors have made an investment of 4 million. The fund will be used to support expansion and working capital to meet the desired sales growth.

The range of applications for the innovative Eleksen technology is significant and the funding would hopefully make a difference in its market.The diversity in the application of electronic textiles (e- textiles) is increasing and becoming interesting. Textile clothes, being light- weight, strong and bendable, can be stretched over any frame into desired shape. Electronic wires and sensors woven into fabric can perform the function of listening faint sound.

That means people resting in tents or camouflage net may hear the distant sounds of vehicles or steeping/ movement of people, animals, enemies etc.Thinking for a jacket or hat that can alert the wearer when someone (friend or enemy!) is coming from the back; or having night wears that wakes you up when fire approaching wouldnt be impossible using e- textiles.
The sensors and associated connecting wires generate pattern of information that can be translated by computer software into images which enable the user to determine the location of detected sounds. There are e- textiles 
systems that do not produce detectable energy and require less power then radio- wave- operated systems.Sound detection is only one application of e- textile system, fabric may be woven with 
sensors that can detect chemicals, materials, and satellite signals etc.

The interest and investment in research and innovation are introducing more types of such smart- applications.Increasing exploration in the performance of smart textiles will continue to grow, and the interdisciplinary applications will be gaining more interest.

The diversity in the types of smart textiles certainly requires a selective approach for research and innovation. Luckily we produced tons of cotton fibres up and down the country, this fibre offers tremendous potential for smart applications through the chemical finishing.Selected imported smart textile articles could be explored through public- private partnership. An increasing appreciation and encouragement to advanced research using locally available materials will add in the national self- reliance.

Copyright © 2002 - 2007 Ministry of Textile Industry | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy.(18.75 bn) & No Mention of funds for research in technical textiles or for any other research activities in textiles.

INDIA has the know how to help,
National self reliance is not in the interest of the people of Pakistan,they must consider co operation in all areas of textile research.
To go Global in technical textiles along with INDIA.
Rs 18.75bn allocated for textile and commerce sectors(/div> Date: 07/08/2007
ISLAMABAD-DailyTimes: The government has allocated an amount of Rs 18.75 billion for both textile and commerce sectors for the year 2007-08, to achieve 10.9 percent manufacturing sector growth for export surplus. The 10.9 percent manufacturing growth rate includes 12.5 percent for large scale and 7.5 percent for small-scale sector. According to the annual plan for the year 2007-08, major spending in the allocated amount of Rs 18.75 billion are;Rs 8.743 billions in the industry sectorRs 1.097 billions in textile sectors Rs 1.579 million in the commerce sector.

According to the plan, major projects which are to be carried in industry sector include: agro-food processing facilities at Multan (Rs 69.86 million), Aik Hunar Aik Nagar (AHAN) (Rs 60.369 million), Gujranwala Business Centre (Rs 13 million), sports industries development center Sialkot (Rs 168.74 million), technical up-gradation of garment industry all over Pakistan with an amount of Rs 100 million, five advanced CAD and CAM training centers (Rs 295 million), 2MGD Water Desalination Project Gawadar Balochistan (Rs 178.86 million).

Major projects in the textile sector include three Garment Cities at Lahore, Faisalabad and Karachi, implementation of export plan and establishment of two fibre-testing laboratories.In case of commerce sector major projects include, Pakistan School of Fashion Design Lahore, Trade and Facilitation project and expo Center Lahore.

Major objectives to be achieved in the manufacturing sector are diversification, development of the SMEs and enhancing productivity.To achieve these objectives, there is a need for massive structural changes, shift in the production paradigm to technology and knowledge based industrialization and competitive industry in the private sector. Despite the government massive steps for improvement in manufacturing sector, still a number of challenges and constraints are confronting. The manufacturing sector still revolves around the traditional low value added industries, whose share in the world trade is continuously declining.

A shortage of skill labour is also a major constraint in the rapid industrialization, which reduces optimum operation of plant and machinery. Power and energy shortages are other constraints that hamper the development of manufacturing sector.To achieve higher manufacturing growth rate, government is trying to remove the weaknesses. The challenge for the government is not to rediscover industrial policy, but to re-deploy it in a more effective manner in the national, regional and global context.Pak - China.

Do we have Pak - India
Pak-China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Last updated: 2007-06-26
Chinese President Hu Jintao and his Pakistani counterpart Pervez Musharraf Friday oversaw the signing of a free trade 
agreement between the two allies here in Islamabad on 24th 
November, 2006. The document was signed by the Commerce 
Ministers of both the countries.
The architecture of the bilateral Free Trade Agreement includes Trade in Goods and Investments in the first Phase and the leaders 
of both the countries have decided to negotiate on Trade in 
Services during 2007 to enlarge the coverage of the Free 
Trade Agreement.
The Early Harvest Programme between the two countries
which was put into operation on 1st January 2006, has been merged into this bilateral FTA. In the overall package 
Pakistan will get market access at zero duty on industrial 
alcohol, cotton fabrics, bed-linen and other home textiles, 
marble and other tiles, leather articles, sports goods, 
mangoes, citrus fruit and other fruits and vegetables; 
iron and steel products and engineering goods. China will also reduce its tariff by 50% on fish, dairy sectors; 
frozen orange juice; plastic products; rubber products; 
leather products; knitwear; woven garments etc.
Pakistan has given market access to China mainly on
machinery; organic; and inorganic chemicals, fruits & vegetables, medicaments and other raw materials for various industries including engineering sector, intermediary goods for engineering sectors, etc.
The Agreement
The Free Trade Agreement consists of the following components:
* The Agreement, and
* Annexes I, II and III
Pak China FTA Agreement
The agreement contains the Articles on Establishment of Free Trade Area, objectives, relation to other agreements, application of this agreement, definitions, scope and coverage, National treatment, tariff elimination, para-tariffs and non-tariff barriers, rules of origin, Trade remedies, safeguard measures, sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures, TBTs, Investment, settlement of disputes, amendments, annexes etc.
Annexes Annex I relates to the Elimination of import customs duties. Annex-I_PK-CN_FTA PK-offer(Cat-1)Annex-I PK-offer(Cat-2)Annex-I PK-offer(Cat-3)Annex-I PK-offer(Cat-4)Annex-I PK-offer(Cat-5)Annex-V PK-offer(Cat-6)Annex-VI
Annex II is the form and instruction for the Certificate of Origin. A claim that products shall be accepted as eligible for preferential concession shall be supported by a Certificate of Origin issued by a government authority designated by the exporting Party and notified to the other Party to the Agreement in accordance with the operational certification procedures, as set out in this annex. (Chapter IV, Article 23 of the Agreement)
Annex-II_PK-CN_FTA Annex III is for the purposes ofpre> this Agreement and Chapter X (Dispute Settlement). It covers Rules of Procedure of an Arbitral Panel established pursuant to Article 63. Annex-III_PK-CN_FTA Page Opt ions Copyright © 2002 - 2007 Ministry of Textile Industry | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy There is something about Peru.
Peru_2 this is one of my tapestry weavings from 1975. it was inspired by 
peruvian textiles which to this day are still the most inspiring to me not 
only because of the motifs but for their amazing technical skill.

Sara of Fabric of Meditation has embarked on some inca inspired projects 
which i am just aching to see finished...

Posted on August 13, 2007 | Permalink.

Pockets: What's in yours?

By Eric Harkreader, October 15, 2006.

Last updated: Saturday, October 14, 2006 10:10 PM EDT

Have you ever wondered what gives with that little pocket 
inside most men's pants?

Although most cell phones fit ever so perfectly, the little 
right-hand pockets were originally created to hold one's 
pocket watch -- assuming one was of the class that 
carried a pocket watch, that is.But with pocket watches 
joining the parasol and bowler that in the fashion annals 
of yore, what is the modern-day function for that obscurely 
teeny compartment? "Trapping my keys," typed one responder 
at Ask, an online 
forum devoted to answering life's tougher questions.

But there are other uses.

Levi's, the popular clothing designer best known for its 
denim jeans, has decided to skip a few generations with 
a new product line released this fall.Using their watch 
pocket's "crisp white leather patch and joystick," wearers of 
the RedWire DLX jeans can play, pause and skip their way 
through their music library. An aptly colored wire connects 
the controller to a new generation of pockets designed 
specifically to dock with an iPod -- old separately, and if 
you're asking what this is, you might as 
well reset your pocket watch and go back to sleep for a 
few decades.

What's the catch?

Of course there's a few catches:

The machine-washable jeans -- without the iPod, of course -- are 
available to Sentinel readers almost exclusively over the Internet, 
where the fully equipped models retail for $250.
Eventually, a Levi's saleswoman says, music hipsters will be able to 
get their hip-huggers at most department stores. But for the moment, 
there are no vendors within a 100-mile radius.
The jeans maker is but the latest, albeit one of the most well-known, 
retailers to bridge the gap between fashion and technology.

"Intelligent textiles, variously known as smart fabrics, electronic 
textiles, or e-textiles, have attracted considerable attention worldwide 
due to their potential to bring revolutionary impacts on human life," 
writes a professor at Wayne State University in Detroit on an 
international scientific symposium held in Japan last year.

While Dr. Yong Xu probably isn't referring directly to casual wear 
for suburbanites, he is talking about a relatively new field of scientific 
exploration that could, some day, have a huge impact on everyday life.

Just imagine downloading your heart's performance on your 
latest run directly to your cardiologist or typing an e-mail from 
your couch using only a pair of gloves.

Futuristic clothing
These scenarios may be closer than you think.
In Department of Defense-funded research that began in 1996, a 
team from the Georgia Institute of Technology has created the 
"Smart Shirt" to monitor the wearer's vital signs.

Using "plastic optical fibers" (POFs), the vest gathers data 
and creates a series of circuits can sound the alarm for structural 
breaches -- i.e.wounds from bullets, shrapnel or other sources. 
It would also allow for medics hundreds of miles away to 
mass-triage a unit to better direct a field medic, a public 
relations specialist says.

In its more commercial form, Maryland firm Sensatex Inc. is 
working on several models of "breathable" shirts that allow 
targeted demographics -- namely recreational exercisers, 
the elderly, parents of infants or first responders to 
emergencies -- to track biological 
data such as pulse and respiration rate.

Researchers at Virginia Tech, meanwhile, have experimented 
from everything to a glove that replaces the computer keyboard 
as a means to input text to a jumpsuit that conforms 
to the wearer and tracks the body's motion for use in 
recreating natural movem
Multimedia duds. 
But back to the relatively technological level, clothing 
interlaced with MP3 players is not entirely new. 
In March 2005, two German companies teamed up to bring to 
market the mp3blue, which they hailed as the world's first 
"multimedia/lifestyle jacket." Incorporating a removable 
MP3 player and a permanent headphone set, 
Bluetooth-wireless microphone and the necessary 
wiring for both, the jacket from Rosner and INFINEON 
Technologies is reportedly even washable. 
The initial production included only 600 units priced at 
about $760 each. Nonetheless, the companies claimed 
that, by 2007, total sales of "intelligent textile" products 
the world over would exceed $1.25 billion annually. 
Similarly targeting music/hands-free cell lovers, several 
snowboarding or skiing companies joined up with Apple to 
release their Pod-compatible-jackets. The briefly marketed 
coats came with a padded iPod enclosure and a flexible 
control-panel on the sleeve, but were no longer advertised 
or listed as available at several Web sites. 
There are also, of course, any number of carrying cases that 
bind MP3 players and other independent electronic devices 
to everything from a back pack to a runner's bare arm. Ummm, 
maybe not As for the consumer response, a very unscientific 
poll of Dickinson College students and youth at the Capital 
City Mall seemed to indicate these trends are still ahead of 
their time. After popping his head phones from his ears, 
mall-walker Chris Emory of Camp Hill says he would 
consider buying such electronically integrated clothing 
if it's affordable. "I usually bring it everywhere," he says 
of his MP3 player, adding that even when it's not on it helps 
block out conversations. He notes that a friend of his with a 
similar jacket was frequently frustrated trying to get in and 
out of the heavily wired outfit. At Dickinson, meanwhile, 
freshman James Watson-Krips from the Philadelphia area 
said he rarely heads to class without his Creative Zen, 
which is presently playing the electronica artist 
Kenna. Krips says he enjoys his music, but doesn't see the
point in specifically marketed music devices such as the 
Oakley Thump, an $400-plus product that combines of 
ocular sun protection with an in-the-ear DJ. "I'm afraid 
I'd break it," he adds. Kimberly Weiss, a freshman at 
George Washington University who visited Dickinson 
recently, said she appreciates any sort of improvement f
or MP3 listeners. That doesn't mean she needs it, though. 
"I've definitely tripped before," she says of trying to 
circumnavigate the streets of the nation's capital while 
listening to music. Comment on this Story
The progress of China in textiles is hard to find 
their only websites are Govt Controlled.
We hardly know their progress but this is their method 
of keeping their progress a top secret in not only 
textiles but in all areas.When I met some Chinese they 
would not comment anything.My information was that all 
those in that country were not pro-China. 
I kept wondering how long they could do this?.
China Textile Network Company.

The Chief Implementer of China Textile Information Programme.
The China Textile Network Company (short as CNTEX belongs to China National Textile & 
Apparel Council (CNTAC) and China Textile Information 
Center, playing a professional role to provide information 
consultation, e-business, enterprise information progress, 
and other comprehensive services for textile & garment 
enterprises both in China and abroad. Meanwhile, CNTEX 
has been appointed the chief undertaker of Information Programme
With the all-out support from CNTAC, CNTEX also gains 
the support from the specialized associations and organizations, 
including garments, home textile, industrial textile, printing and 
dyeing, cotton textile, silk textile, wool textile, linen textile, 
knitting, color weaving, and textile machinery and equipment, 
the Sub-Council of Textile Industry under the China Council 
for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) China Textile 
International Exchange Center, China Fashion Designers 
Association, etc.
* Business Scope:
Industry information,
Professional consultation,
Enterprise informationalization (EPR, OA)
Professional journey,
Marketing research,
Brand design,
Brand promotion,
Film production,
PR communication,
Textile Auxiliaries
* Structure:
China Textile Economic Information Website (,
Cntextile JV, e-Market (
Textile Information Weekly magazine,
Home Textile Times magazine
Statistics Center of China National Textile & Apparel Council,
CneFashion Management Consulting Co., Ltd,
Beijing 3-D Vision Enterprise Image Design Co., Ltd,
China Textile Software Co., Ltd,
CNTEX-PR Market Consultation Co., Ltd,
Beijing Textile Computer Co., Ltd,
Beijing Hengchang Technology Development Company,
Beijing Textile Information New Technology Company
GERMAN Textile Research Council.

The General Association of the German Textile and Fashion Industry and its individual technical and state associations have joined together as ordinary members of the Textile Research Council (Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V.) to represent all interests connected with research and development. Research Council will work jointly with further partner organisations to promote and co-ordinate communal research projects by the textile industry and by other industrial sectors linked with the textile industry through pre-production or post-production.

Launched on the 1st July 2007 the website of the Textile Research Council ( - only available in German language) offers an overview of the textile research landscape in Germany. A wide range of projects co-ordinated in the context of industrial Joint research by the Textile Research Council is presented e.g. by the exemplary representation of research highlights. This documents the practical implementation of leading topics underlying the textile research in Germany. Visitors of the website can use an easily operated search function to look for topic and branch related highlights in the archives. Access to an extranet of the Textile Research Council is only available for members of the associated German textile associations and organisations for various inquiries.
Website of the Confederation of the German Textile and Fashion Industry
Frankfurter Str. 10-14
65760 Eschborn
Tel: +49 6196 966-0
Fax: +49 6196 42170
Textile  Research in Germany.

The General Association of the German Textile and Fashion Industry and its individual technical and state associations have joined together as ordinary members of the Textile Research Council (Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V.) to represent all interests connected with research and development. The Research Council will work jointly with further partner organisations to promote and co-ordinate communal research projects by the textile industry and by other industrial sectors linked with the textile industry through pre-production or post-production. The Research Council Management Board will be pleased to provide further information and is available to answer your questions at any time.

Dr. Walter Begemann.
Managing Director Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V.
Frankfurter Str. 10 - 14
65760 Eschborn.
Telephone:+ 49 6196 966 229.
Fax:+ 49 6196 42170
Further information is available on “Forschungskuratorium Textil” 
on the website of This is a network initiative 
from the German Ministry of Education and Research.
Textile Research Council 
(Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V.) - aims and activities.

The Gesamttextil Research Council was founded on 12 December 1951, its task being to monitor, promote and represent all interests within the General Association of the German Textile and Fashion Industry connected with research and development. Since 16 September 1998 these activities have been taken over by the Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V., which can thus look back on more than fifty years of textile research benefiting the industry.
The affiliated technical and state associations nominate experts from companies in the textile and clothing industry as representatives on the Research Council. Within the framework of co-operation between the textile industry and other industrial sectors linked through pre-production or post-production - textile machinery, chemical fibres, textile supplies, the dyeing and textile-cleaning industries - delegates from these areas also take part in the Council's deliberations.

The Textile Research Council promotes and co-ordinates all joint research carried out by the textile and clothing industry in co-operation with research institutes and works to develop textile research as a whole. Thus it is a mediator between the textile industry and textile research, supporting co-operation between these two areas, and works to develop application-oriented research projects, following inspection of their scientific and commercial provenance, by associated research institutes.

The Research Council was a founding member in 1954 of the German Federation of Industrial Cooperative Research Associations (Arbeitsgemeinschaft industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen - AiF). The German Ministry of Economics and Technology authorises all textile-research projects of a joint kind via the AiF. Once representatives from the textile and clothing industry have fixed the priorities for project submissions in the Scientific Advisory Committees of the textile-research institutes, the Research Council decides whether they should be carried forward for a written report to the AiF. Interested companies are brought directly into this research work through project-supervisory committees. The textile-research institutes run a low-priced advisory and information service for companies, on behalf of the Research Council and with its financial support, to transfer research results into business practice. Leading Topics

The leading topics for textile research in the coming 10 years may be divided into five superordinate future sectors with pre-eminent societal relevance:


The 6th Kondratieff cycle following information technology 
will be, in an encompassing sense, the health sector. Because 
of further growing world population, concomitant utilisation 
of environmental goods in developing countries as well as 
demographic drift in the direction of a higher average age, 
the necessity arises to potentise, for ethical, social and 
economic reasons, the productive efficiency of health care, 
taking controllable costs into consideration. Textiles can, in 
combination with medical technology, biotechnology, p
harmacology, outpatient and home care services sector etc. 
contribute outstandingly towards this.


* Hospital and surgery textiles as well as attributed 
textile reprocessing services
* Hygiene and skin care products
* Testing methods and standards for body tolerance of 
textiles (consumer protection)

* Textile-integrated diagnosis and monitoring systems
* Textile-based deposit and therapy systems
* Implants and organ substitution
* Support and stabilisation textiles
* Filter and barrier materials
* Wound treatment products
* Carrier materials for tissue engineering

Because of globalisation, as a result of which a dramatic increase in supranational transport movements may be recorded as well as the rightful claim on the part of people in developing and threshold countries to a standard of individual transportation which corresponds to that of industrial nations, mobility without destroying one’s own life’s foundation constitutes one of the great challenges of this century. Added to this, the reduction of energy requirements and pollutants per freight kilometre is necessary to a degree which, without the further increasing application of textiles, already today indispensable for vehicle construction, appears imaginable only with difficulty.
* Weight reduction
* Noise reduction
* Increasing fuel efficiency
* Improved passive safety
* Recyclable composite materials
* New joining techniques
* Enhancing seating and travelling comfort

International terrorism in previously not anticipated form, catastrophes through nature violence, which cause ever greater damage for different reasons, climate changes, the increasing need for protection against — even creeping — hazards in the working environment> trigger the fact that the significance of the general safety and protection theme is growing. Here, too, textiles offer a broad variety of solution methods which, over and above this, make possible the nowadays indispensable coequal aspects of safety and comfort.

* Reeinforcement in concrete and timber construction as 
well as construction renovation
* Textile lightweight construction
* Geo- and landscape protection textiles
* Textile components for water recovery and processing
* Screening against UV and other rich-in-energy radiation
* Protective work wear/Personal protection equipment and their etc.
* Textile fire, acoustics and weather protection
* Home textiles with protective and signal functions
* Ageing resistance
* Textile components for producing and storing energy.


The penetration of information technology into almost all sectors of public and private life represents an irreversible development which has become an everyday matter of course. The results will most likely be an extensive human interconnectedness with his nearer and further surroundings. Besides fulfilling material-functional requirement profiles, textile success in all the above mentioned basis innovations therefore also essentially depends upon the corresponding progress of the integration of the already mentioned interactivity. There exist, precisely in this respect, unique chances because of the possibilities which are emerging for the synergy between textiles and microsystem technology.

* Textile-integrated conductor/bonding technology
* Smart Textiles
* Process-resistant transponders/Radio frequency identification (RFID)
* Supply Chain Management
* Self-learning machine and process automation


Like hardly any other material, textiles are finally predestined to express feelings, transport aesthetic perceptions, impart beauty and well-being, embody taste and zeitgeist — that is, fashion. Precisely clothing and home textiles enable the individual to make observable and sensible vis-à-vis his surroundings his own identity and mood with little effort, flexibly and in a ever novel way. Textiles thus cover a further essential functional level which maintains unchangingly, besides the technical innovation potential, coequal significance.

* Light and climate management through textile 
building elements
* Corporate Fashion
* Resource-saving textile care
* Adaptive clothing/Phase-Change Materials
* New comfort features/Wellness
* Integration of design and function
Dateials PDF laden letzte Änderung: 09.09.2006 14:09
From Blowroom to Combing.
(I hope it wont be a headach)
Trützschler expands its product program by combing machines Marzoli S.p.A., Palazzolo, Italy - a textile machinery company belonging to the Camozzi Group - and Trützschler GmbH & Co. KG, Mönchengladbach, Germany, have agreed to enter into a far-reaching cooperation for the construction of lap winders and combing machines, and the further development of these products. The future Trützschler combing machines will be built by Marzoli. Sales and customer service are handled by the worldwide Trützschler service network.

Thus, Trützschler can provide its customers with all required machines for spinning preparation from one source. With the new combing machine, performing up to 500 nips/min, Trützschler offers a top product, which is optimally matched to its cards and draw frames.

The owner families of Trützschler and Camozzi have decided to take this step to comply with the compelling request by worldwide customers for a continuous, technically first-class combing line.

The Camozzi Group, located in Brescia/Italy, is active in the fields of pneumatics, machine tools, energy, and – since the acquisition of the Marzoli-Vouk Company Group - also in the field of textile machinery. Marzoli has been producing textile machinery since 1851, and is one of the worldwide leading manufacturers in the spinning machine sector.
The Trützschler Group is active in the field of spinning preparation equipment, clothings (Trützschler Card Clothing) and machines for the nonwovens industry (ERKO Trützschler and Fleissner). Trützschler GmbH & Co. KG, founded in 1888, specialises in machines for spinning preparation. The spectrum of machines ranges from automatic bale opener, cotton cleaning lines, opening lines for man-made fibres, all the way to cards and draw frames. (PG)

Copyright: Deutscher Fachverlag GmbH; Imprint.
Suggestions and comments to

Trützschler expands its range of products by combing machines Marzoli S.p.A., Palazzolo, Italy – a textile machinery company belonging to the Camozzi Group - and Trützschler GmbH & Co. KG, Mönchengladbach, Germany, have agreed to enter into a far-reaching cooperation for the construction of lap winders and combing machines, and the further development of these products. The future Trützschler combing machines will be built by Marzoli. Sales and customer service are handled by the worldwide Trützschler service network.

Thus, Trützschler can provide its customers with all required machines for spinning preparation from one source. With the new combing machine, performing up to 500 nips/min, Trützschler offers a top product, which is optimally matched to its cards and draw frames.

The families Trützschler and Camozzi have decided to take this step to comply with the compelling request by worldwide customers for a continuous, technically first-class combing line.

The Camozzi Group, located in Brescia/Italy, is active in the fields of pneumatics, machine tools, energy, and – since the acquisition of the Marzoli-Vouk Company Group - also in the field of textile machinery. Marzoli has been producing textile machinery since 1851, and is one of the worldwide leading manufacturers in the spinning machine sector.
The cooperation with Marzoli S.P.A. is an important step for Trützschler towards the completion of its product program for spinning preparation.

The preparations for the ITMA fair in Munich are in full swing. Keeping up the tradition, Trützschler will show again improved and further developed products.
The Trützschler card will take centre stage once more. From the successful TC 03 card we have developed two types, based on the main uses:The card for combing mills, and the card for high production applications.
Complimentary to the successful draw frame TD 03, we will exhibit a new non-regulated draw frame. It is an all-out new design, space saving, and with hitherto unmatched efficiency for all application areas in the spinning mill. Furthermore, we will present in Munich for the first time a new machine for detection and extraction of foreign parts in cotton.
To support the staff responsible for quality and maintenance, we have created an easy to use data management system. The relevant data of the card and draw frame are prepared and made available to a regular office computer for display and processing.
Trützschler will present the innovations together with Trützschler Card Clothing in Hall A4 Booth-No. 321/ 412.
Visitors can profit from early bird discount rates when booking their exhibition passes online by September 13,2007:
Trützschler expands its range of products by combing machines.
Marzoli S.p.A., Palazzolo, Italy – a textile machinery company belonging to the Camozzi Group.
TC 03 – also for hygienic products.
The can changer from Rosink stands freely in front of the card A short while ago we informed you about a spe­cial execution of our Card TC 03.
Trumac India.
Quality and customer service for over 25 years.
The plant in Ahmedabad.
A joint venture was founded together with our representatives A.T.E. in 1978.
The Trumac Engineering Company Ltd. in Ahmedabad produces a large part of the product range, currently adapted to the special reqirements of the Indian market.
An additional service site is located in the southern Indian textile centre Coimbatore.
In total,600 people are employed in India.
Trumac Engineering Company Private Ltd.
N.I.D.C. Estate, Near Lambha Village.
Post Narol.
Dist. Ahmedabad - 382405.
Tel.: ++91-79-25 71 06 08
Fax: ++91-79-25 71 06 17
In 1969, American Truetzschler, Inc. was founded to cover the important markets of the United States and Canada.American Truetzschler with its headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina, and with over 120 employees, produces a considerable part of the Truetzschler product range and has its own service department, sales department, spare parts department, an electrical repair center, as well as the Electrical Control Department which supplies controls for the classical textile lines and non-wovens.
Training is accomplished with experienced instructors skilled in training at the customer site.
The growing of natural raw materials, such as cotton, flax, hemp and jute as well as the production of man-made fibers is determined by supply and demand. These raw materials can be processed separately or blended to obtain new products with new features. These are on the one hand technical products such as fireproof fabrics, carriers for the electronics industry and material for space travel. On the other hand there are the more commonly known products such as household textiles and garments.
Whatever the final purpose of the finished product may be, there is a long processing route, starting with the raw material. With its machines for processing these raw materials before the spinning, weaving or knitting processes, as well as Non-Woven applications, Truetzschler stands at the very beginning of textile manufacturing. With our machines, we set here standards in quality and economy.
Trützschler Brazil
TRUINCO - the best possible support for local customers.
The plant in Curitiba
The creation of Truetzschler Industria e Comercio de Maquinas Ltda., called TRUINCO, in Curitiba/Brazil in 1975 was due to the large textile market in the region. 200 employees use state-of-the-art machinery and Truetzschler quality guidelines here to produce almost the entire product range for the Brazilian market.
Trützschler Indústria e Comércio de Máquina Ltd.


It was all in Chines language,the Chines are not allowing English but they want a Euro Country to come in china to make machines you think,no they want their people to get employment and learn western technology.The westerners want to make their machines at low cost and sell them and will they take their currency to their country.We do not know their cost or currency but they are making China better. This is my personal opinion.
Who can beat the Chinese?
Even USA is afraid of this country.
I feel in the end there will be only
East & West.
Then it will be stone age.



What is not made in China
Toys to Textile machinery
You name anything they have made everything
Freedom they are the dreams with no Future
Freedom to those who are in countries with Freedom
This is a Technical Blog,no more comments


Kurt Scholler CEO of Trutschler Machinery - Germany
Helping the Chinese with German technology.
In India also they have a small manufacturing facility in Ahmadaba & perhaps will have a center in Coimbatore.
(a labour pain).
Trutzcshler New High Production Card.
TC 03 for
Technical Texiles.
By: Christian Franke
The can changer from Rosink stands freely in front of the card
The can changer for large rectangular cans
The can changer for large rectangular cans
The structure of the sliver can be clearly seen here
A short while ago we informed you about a spe­cial execution of our Card TC 03 for the production of very fine card slivers. This machine, equipped with a delivery system from Rosink, is used in the field of cotton swab production and has established itself well on the market.

Another very important sector in the field of hy­giene products is the fabrication of web slivers.
Generally a lot of very old cards are used in this field today as up to now there were no efficient units for web sliver formation and de­livery suitable for modern cards. In order to open up this important market with high growth potential, we – in cooperation with Rosink – found a solution that allows the economic application of modern high-production cards.

At the card output, the web sliver is formed by a special doffing unit; this sliver is then delivered into large rectangular cans via a special coiler. Through several measuring and re­gulating circuits, a very high evenness of the web sliver can be obtained which at the same time demonstrates good strength values. For producing the web sliver of approx 10 g/m only one card is required at a time, resulting in an enormous saving potential regarding space requirement, energy consumption, maintenance.

Rieter is a Swiss-based industrial group with activities in all regions of the world. It is a leading supplier of products and services for the textile, automotive and plastics industries. Rieter’s worldwide workforce totals approximately 14 800 employees, some 13% of whom are based in Switzerland.

The group comprises two divisions: Rieter Textile Systems develops and produces machinery and integrated systems for converting fibers and plastics into yarns, nonwovens and pellets. In partnership with automotive manufacturers, Rieter Automotive Systems develops and produces components, modules and integrated systems on the basis of fibers, plastics and metals in order to provide acoustic comfort and thermal insulation in motor vehicles. Both divisions are world market leaders in their respective market segments.

Rieter aspires to achieve sustained growth in corporate value for the benefit of shareholders, customers and employees. With this in mind, Rieter seeks to maintain continuous growth in sales and earnings in both divisions, primarily by maximizing in-house resources, and secondly also through cooperative ventures and acquisitions.Since it was established in 1795, Rieter has continuously adapted to new challenges and developed from a Swiss machine manufacturer into a worldwide industrial group of companies. Rieter has been a driving force for industrial progress for 210 years: its products and solutions are the outcome of a traditionally high level of innovative momentum. Based on the skills of its personnel, Rieter creates products that are ideally tailored to its customers’ needs. As partner and supplier of the textile and the automotive industry, Rieter contributes to the success of its customers. Continuous further development is the motivation for its employees and the basis of its business success. These principles – Delight your customers, Enjoy your work and Fight for profits – also represent the pillars of our corporate vision.
All Rieter machines are shown in the blog elsewhere or above.
This is Welcome to REITER, from this blogger.

TR 03

Trutzschler Manufactured.
Reiter Blowroom - Systematic Machine Train.

Rieter's blowroom line is your guarantee for extremely gentle handling of material combined with top level cleaning and a high production rate. There are fewer cleaning points but these are all the more efficient, as well as requiring less air and energy. Continuous opening and cleaning all along the line allows all types of cotton, synthetic and blended fibres to be processed.

The design of a modern Rieter blowroom is based on two main elements: Two-stage cleaning Easy setting of the machine parameters by means of the VarioSet cleaning field.The machines are extremely versatile, with uniform operation using standardized elements for simple service and maintenance, and state-of-the-art controls. Their compact construction keeps space requirements to a minimum yet maintains a high rate of production. The individual blowroom components are designed to fit together optimally, and the efficiency of the system promises a rapid return on investment. Rieter has the right machines for every application: Automatic bale-opening with the UNIfloc A 11UNIfloc A 11 Intensive pre-cleaning with the UNIclean B 12UNIclean B 12 Homogeneous mixing with the UNImix B 70UNImix B 70 Batched fibre blending with the UNIblend A 81UNIblend A 81 Gentle fine-cleaning with the UNIflex B 60UNIflex B 60 Central monitoring of blowroom and cards with UNIcommand and SPIDERweb
THE TRUTZSCHLER PLANT IN BRAZIL Is our INDIAN plant as big as this ? There there only 600 workers. Why a poor show by Trutzschler in INDIA by TRUTZSCHLER Politics - Labour trouble - Power shortage - Self interested Bureaucrats. Trutzschler can handle it all except the Govt polices.

Trützschler Brazil
TRUINCO PLANT IN BRAZIL - the best possible support for local customers.
The plant is in Curitiba.

The creation of Truetzschler Industria e Comercio de 
Maquinas Ltda., called TRUINCO, in Curitiba/Brazil in 1975 
was due to the large textile market in the region.
Ca. 200 employees use state-of-the-art machinery and 
Truetzschler quality guidelines here to produce almost the 
entire product range for the Brazilian market.
Trützschler Indústria e Comércio de Máquina Ltda.
Rua Joao Chede 941
Cidade Industrial
81170-220 Curitiba Paraná
Tel.: ++55-41-331 61 200
Fax: ++55-41-334 79 415

The process
Cotton Bales of different required parameters are fed at the end of the machine
The cotton pressed under high pressure gets opened and cleaned
The cleaned cotton in fleece form is fed to Carding machines
The Cleaned cotton from Carding machine turns in to a rope form called sliver
This is fed to Drawing Machine where it gets the entangled fibres parallelized for good yarn spinning
The next process depends on the manufacturers plan of process
This can be to simplex Machines
From these machines to Spinning Machines
Also to Open end Spinning Machines bypassing the Simplex Machines


The tests to be conducted must include each and every parameter of yarn quality of world's best yarns that will reflect in the results which will enable us to bye the machine for our needs for quality for manufacture of the desired yarn for technical textile fabric.The need for such a exercise,will have to be at the project preparation.There should not be any compromise on quality against cost. There will be more areas to control cost.The details of this aspect will have to be examined at every stage including,civil,electrical and purchase of items that can be procured once the project starts to show the returns on investment.Any unforeseen circumstances that may delay the project with the result in project cost escalation will have to be well thought of and incorporated in the project.This of course is a serious matter which any project preparation consultant will remember.Made in France.

Manufacturers of technical textiles for Automotive Industries-FRANCE.
Porcher Industries: a range of high-performance products for automotive applications.
Porcher Industries develops innovative products combining textile and chemical technology in industrial applications for the automotive sector. The range of applications is huge, from drive belts to hydraulic shock absorbers or air-conditioning hoses.

The company Porcher Industries grew out of SNC Porcher, a company specialised in the creation and weaving of silk from 1912 up to 1948. In this year, the company began to diversify, and focused on the production of technical fabrics for industrial use, based in particular on the use of glass yarn.

Today, Porcher Industries is a company which develops and produces innovative materials combining textile and chemical technology, for a large number of industrial applications. Its key markets are the automotive, construction, industrial, composites, electronics and sport sectors. Porcher Industries has a solid industrial presence in Europe, America and Asia, in addition to a network of sales offices and agents providing the company with a commercial and technical presence in more than 100 countries.

Two R&D centres (in France and the USA) work very closely with the various divisions in order to improve existing processes and products, but above all to anticipate and respond to market requirements. A little-known activity of the Porcher Industries group is the production and development of a wide range of glass and synthetic yarns impregnated with RFL, aimed chiefly at the rubber industries.

With its global commercial presence and two production sites (France and Brazil) Porcher Industries deals with the leading automotive equipment and accessory manufacturers including, Continental, Flexitech, Gates, GDX automotive, Good Year, Hutchinson, MarkIV, Metzeler, Saargummi, etc.
These various types of yarn (E glass, S glass , aramids, PVA, polyester, polyamide…) guarantee improved performance whether concerning burst, volumetric expansion, tension, temperature or fatigue. Thanks to carefully adapted RFL treatments, they offer optimal adhesion to all types of rubber. Their range of uses is extensive, and includes drive belts, hydraulic shock absorbers, flexible braking components and pipes for air conditioning systems or for power steering, etc.
"Our know-how in the chemical field combined with an ongoing quest to constantly improve our processes enables us to tailor our technical solutions and RFL formulations to meet the needs of all of our clients' rubber components (NR, CR, NBR, SBR, HNBR, CSM, EPDM, etc) and to the constantly changing marketplace.

This may be a a narrow fabric roll chemically treated for some use made by the firm Like a Duct tape or for use in a cable industry.We do have these type in our markets but no name of the factory making it is printed.This is perhaps manufactured underground to avoid inspections by Govt agencies.I have seen such activities long back in a state which closes it's eyes as it gives employment to many in rural areas and it's power consumption is a revenue for the government of the state and the use of the products also helps other industries not only in that state but other states as well. The export to other states is another revenue for the state indirectly. This is what the Chinese is adopting to increase employment.I was informed that many houses in many rural areas are a industry.The workmen being the full family of the house including children.

The new hi-tech,hi-production Carding Machine -MADE IN CHINA,



The progress in Textile machinery manufacture is no less, 
than in any other areas in CHINA,Compared to INDIA.
The New textile Sector---Open to 21st century by
Technical Textiles companies in European Countries.
Welcome to the TECHNICALTEXTILES® market place
* more than 3000 companies
* from 30 European countries
* with products such as fibres and yarns, braidings, nonwovens, 
woven and knitted fabrics, coated textiles, production methods
* as well as application areas, for example textile construction, 
car construction and aerospace, protective clothing, sports and 
leisure, textiles for the industry, medicine and hygiene.
The European countries planning for the 21st century has 8 sectors.
1) Clothing,
2) Technical,
3) Material,
4) Services,
5) Home,
6) New Sectors----,
8)Open to 21st Century.

Technical Resistant, Insulating, Protection, Filtration, Subjection, Non-inflammable, Reinforcement, Drainage, Security, Separation, Elevation, Antibacterial, Waterproof, Breathable, Recyclable,
Material Colours, Microfibres, Membranes, Drapes, Microcapsules, Biofibres, Handle, Textures, Odours, Nanofibres, Unshrinskable, Softness, Brilliancy, Non-creasing, SERVICES Strategy Technology, Research, Trade fairs, Congresses, Patents, Universities, Management, Laboratories, Business, Press, Suppliers, Invitations, Markets, Distribution, Cat Walks. Home. Comfortable, Original, Aesthetic, Decorative, Modern, Functional, Ecologic, Quality, Warm, New, Easy to Clean, Luxurious, Economical, Private, Combinable.
Open to New Sectors that may crop up Like Knitting 
or in Apperals.

Fabrics,Embroidery,Flocking,Ropes,Laminates,Tapes, Braidings,Composites,Foldings, Coatings,Mosquestles,Sacks,Non Wovens,Carpets,Tufting.
Visit Italy for Technical Textiles. All Italian Technical Textile
Machinery  Contact:
  Eastern Engineering Co. (Bombay) Ltd
Jeeven Udyog,278,Dr.D N Road,Mumbai 400 001 THE AREAS OF ACTIVITY IN TEXTILES. Phone - +91 22 2207 6831
Parentesi Quadra                        
Via Arcoveggio, 11
51039 Quarrata
(Pistoia) Italy
Tel: +39 0573 73098
Fax: +39 0573 73144
Parentesi Quadra is a young company that was established 
in the ‘90s from a long-standing experience in the field of 
textile and interior decorating. The company uses design and 
technology, classic and new materials, research, and fashion 
concepts to produce items that are bound to change the 
domestic landscape.(Part of Artex group)

Osvaldo Santi
Via S. Francesco, 10
22079 Villa Guardia
(Como) Italy
Tel: +39 031 563444
Fax: +39 031 563463
Osvaldo Santi has worked with the topmost names in 
furnishing accessories for more than 20 years. 
It uses only the finest noble fibers: cashmere, wool, 
silk, linen and cotton to obtain a very high 
quality product. Covers, throws, bed linen, woven 
with jacquard or traditional looms reflect the care 
and commitment that the company dedicates to meet 
the expectations of its discerning customers. 
The company is present in leading markets 
either directly or through agents.

Le Qr
Via Soresi
2084 Mondovi
(Cuneo) Italy
Tel: +39 0174 551020
Fax: +39 0174 481937
Le Qr, by interior designer Michela Curetti, 
is ideal for furnishing every type of flour. 
It is a rug with a contemporary design but 
made with traditional materials obtained 
Italian tanning. The tanning is carried out with vegetable extracts in keeping with an 
age-old leather-making tradition. Over the 
years the products acquires its own individual characteristics and undergoes pleasant 
transformations to become even more precious.

S & C Antica Lavoriazione Orditi in Seta.
Via Fratelli Bandiera, 35
71100 Briano.
(Caserta) Italy.
Tel: 0823 302782
Fax: 0823 362870
S.Leucian silk history, is part of the population,
we can’t talk about silk without talking 
about S.Leucian settlements, their lives, their 
work. S.Leucian colony, was created by Ferdinando 
IV of Borbone, (1759-1825) rose around the "Real Fabbrica di Seteria" (a mill on the outside part of the Royal Palace).
In 1798, this place was too small to contain 
all the people and their looms, so they 
decided to work outside of the 
Royal mill as well.
In 1826 Mr. Lorenzo Sacco, an architect 
of the place, built the "piccola Filanda 
Papa in Sala" a small mill.
In 1862 because of war events, the 
"Real Mill" closed. In 1900 the consorzio 
of the industrial Silk of Briano was formed.
In 2006 Sacco and Cirullo Families with the S.&. C Antica Lavorazione Orditi in Seta brings 
back into rise the old tradition.

It seems to me ITALY is all silk,floor covering and sleeping comforts
Gabel Via XX Settembere, 35 22069 Rovellasca (Como) Italy Tel: +39 02 964771 Fax: +39 02 96343806
Gabel produces fine bed linen, accessories 
and towels. It has been producing cordoning 
collections for more then 50 years and oversees the entire production process 
starting from the raw cotton to the finished product.
(Part of Clac group)
I had to search for Technical Textile Research Activities
Having seen so much on the Italian Textiles let us now remember 
the Industry that helps us to use these textiles,that is the 
Sewing Industry which has made awesome progress in machinery 
manufacture for the sewing industry.In our country the technological 
progress is "IMPORT" you can't afford to make it.

Sheng Hung Industrial Co., Ltd.
* Home
* Company Profile
* Web Site
* Product Map
* All Products
P-Tex Printing Materials
E-Tex Water Soluble Nonwoven 
E-Tex Water Soluble Nonwo...
Cold Water Soluble Non-Woven Fabrics With Self-Adhesive Glue
Cold Water Soluble Non-Wo...
Wet Process Polyurethane Synthetic Leathers With 
Nonwoven Backing
Wet Process Polyurethane ...
Products : Cold Water Soluble Non-Woven Fabrics With 
Self-Adhesive Glue
Cold water soluble non woven fabrics
Model No: N/A
Factory Location: Taiwan
Sample Request (Y/N): N
Target Markets: Worldwide.


Durkopp Adler AG



They have their offices in INDIA

Customer-specific applications and special solutions.
The Dürkopp Adler AG with its innovative special sewing machines, sewing automates and sewing units belongs to the trendsetters in the field of sewing technology worldwide. In the new application centre all functions are bundled under one roof. The workflow between development, construction, production and logistics is coordinated perfectly, safely and quickly.
The application centre of Dürkopp Adler AG: a long experience in serial production, service and construction.
Whenever the realisation of cost and technological advantages or the compliance with a required process safety or quality is concerned, customer-specific applications and special solutions are in demand. Thus it is possible in many cases to rationalise production processes and to optimise them with regard to a eproducible quality. These are often the decisive factors towards the competitors.Implementation expertise.
The application centre does not only realize projects for complete, CNC-controlled sewing units. Often the solution is in the details. The application team has e.g. developed a thread burning device for sewing belts with synthetic threads which accurately trims the needle and bobbin thread at the seam end by heat influence and simultaneously secures the thread by a melting droplet.

# Standard Sewing Machines
# Special Sewing Machines.
# Sewing Automats
# Eyelet Buttonholers.
# Sewing Units
# Engineered Workstations.
# M-Type
# Sewing machines for the manufacturing of shoes.
# Longarm Machines
# Special Solutions
Thouse interested e-mail-
# Men's Wear.
# Men's Trousers.
# Men's Jacket.
# Men's Shirts.
# Ladies' Wear
# Ladies' Trousers.
# Ladies' Blazer.
# Automotive
# Driver’s seat and front passengers´s seat.
# Driver’s backrest and front passengers´s backrest.
# Backseat and backrest
# Divided backrest (40%).
# Divided backrest (60%)
# Armrest
# Headrest.
# Home Upholstery.
# Upholstery Furniture.
# Shoes.
# Men´s shoe Derby style.
# Men´s shoe Oxford style.
# Women´s shoes
# Sport shoes
# Special Applications
# Parts & Services
# Parts
# Service
Other Applications.

USTER - CEO's Message.
Dr. Geoffrey Scott

Forth into a new future

Business success is due to many factors, 
often built over many years, and this is 
certainly the case for "Uster Technologies". One major aspect of such success is the 
constant search for new opportunities, and 
new possibilities, and the recent take-over by "Uster Technologies" of Zellweger Uster is one such future-oriented development.

USTER® can look back over 60 years of expertise and success leading to its current position as worldwide leader in textile electronics producing systems and the creation of a brand which has a truly unique position in the textile industry. This has been achieved through a number of factors, not least of which is our insistence on research and development which means that USTER® consistently brings to the market thoroughly outstanding and innovative new products.

Outstanding innovation is based on a close 
cooperation with our unique customers and in 
depth understanding of their business. This allows us to solve our customers' 
problems and respond to the subtle differences 
and requirements that exist between one customer and another.

Our challenges now are clear. We will continue 
to consolidate and build on our market-leading 
position. We will also continue our move into new 
markets, especially Asia, and grow in adjacent 
areas of the textile industry. Given the fact 
that USTER® has consistently performed well even in the most challenging of 
economic situations, this is a confident sign for our future growth.

With some of the very best managers in the textile industry and the conclusion of a highly successful restructuring, USTER® is in a strong position for a strong future. The take-over of Zellweger Uster is yet another positive move in this direction.
Testing of Raw Material.

Accurate verification of the raw material is the 
first step in quality management which is absolutely 
essential in a modern spinning mill in order to 
remain competitive in today’s markets. 
The USTER® HVI 1000 is the standard tool used by 
the international cotton trade today, ensuring fiber quality agreements are met. The USTER® 
AFIS PRO provides the spinning mill with 
standard measurements for optimizing their 
processes based on the raw material they bought.

Yarn Testing.

A progressive quality control of slivers, rovings and yarns in the textile laboratory guarantees optimal spinning machine settings and required quality. USTER® offers at the same time laboratory results of yarn quality data which are used to set standards recognized all over the world.

Fault free tests for yarns.
A 100% quality control with simultaneous, 
exactly definable fault elimination enhances 
yarn values in today’s global textile markets. The USTER® QUANTUM 2 has this characteristic 
and guarantees the optimum cost-effectiveness 
and fault-free yarn after winding or OE spinning.
Customers Services.
USTER® – not only a synonym for innovative products,
but also a supplier of comprehensive services. 
These cover our entire textile know-how which is at the disposal of our customers, helping them to become more efficient in applying their processes and making their final products superior.
Comprehensive Service Contract.

USTER® – not only a synonym for innovative products, but also a supplier of comprehensive services. These cover our entire textile know-how which is at the disposal of our customers, helping them to become more efficient in applying their processes and making their final products superior.
List of testing instruments ( Model Numbers )



Monarch headquarters.
MONARCH Knitting Machinery (UK) Ltd. is 
renowned for its quality, service, 
technical and innovative expertise in the 
supply of hi-tech circular knitting machinery.
This private, family company established in Leicester in 1969, moved to its present headquarters in 1982 in order to expand its worldwide operation, exporting 80% of its products to countries throughout Europe and including Turkey, Russia and the African continent.

Working in partnership with Japanese manufacturer Fukuhara, Monarch is responsible for sales, installation and servicing of what is generally recognised as one of the world's leading brands of single- and double-jersey knitting machines.
Monarch claims to make the world's largest range of
circular knitting machines, with over 100 current 
models. The company continues to design and develop 
market leaders in every area of circular knitting, 
from high-production plain models and mini-jacquards 
to electronically-controlled jacquard and striping machines. 
All models have been designed to offer high-speed production, maximum versatility and 
increased efficiency with minimum maintenance 
costs, while producing the highest-quality fabrics.

The -OD-VXC3S machine.The company's emphasis on research and development has ensured its place as the market leader in the supply of large-diameter machines.

At any moment in time, a wide range of single- and double-jersey models is held in stock to meet the 
demand for quick delivery. A very comprehensive 
stock of spares, including dials, cylinders, 
frames, take-up systems, needles, sinkers 
and cams, not only guarantees customers the highest 
standard of after-sales service but also enables 
Monarch to sub-assemblemachines, 
when necessary, from parts in stock.

A very experienced Technical Department is on hand to install machines and give expert after-sales technical service.

Monarch is justifiably proud of its fabric 
development and computer-based design service. 
In-house design expertise enables the company 
to provide new and existing customers with a professional, responsive service in support 
of the wide range of knitting machines. 
Having the capability to take designs 
into production allows Monarch to work 
very closely with yarn suppliers, garment producers and high-profile 
retail outlets. Such commercial awareness ensures a better understanding 
of a customer's needs and requirements, whether it be for apparel, 
household textiles or automotive end-uses. Monarch's highly-qualified 
team of software writers, fabric designers 
and technicians guarantees the quality of service for which Monarch is renowned.

This expertise is continuously used to create ranges of new and exciting fabrics for many end-uses. Technical textiles, spacer fabrics and lightweight fabrics are perceived to be some of the target areas going forward.

Monarch has developed an enviable reputation for 
the application of electronic technology to 
individual needle selection and auto-striping on 
its double- and single-jersey ranges of jacquard/striping machines. Each model 
incorporates the latest electronic 
technology, which provides a greater design
scope and increased productivity. Recent 
additions to the range have included 
high-production, jacquard and striping garment-length machines, as welfacility to produce both 
open-width fabrics and conventional 
tubular fabrics.

Single-jersey models include:
Mini Jacquards
Electronic Jacquards
Electronic Stripers
Open-width and tubular fabric take-ups
Double-jersey models include:
Basic Rib and Interlock
Mini Jacquards
Electronic Jacquards
Electronic Stripers
Garment Length
Spacer Fabrics
Open-width and tubular fabric take-ups
Boston Road, 
Beaumont Leys, Leicester, 
Leicestershire, LE4 1BG, 
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 116 235" Web:">


Shelton’s machine vision inspection systems 
are backed by internet-based support services.
SHELTON Machines has been involved in producing 
and developing textile machinery and systems 
for over three decades and has become known for 
providing innovative solutions for textile producers worldwide.

The Shelton Verifab range of fabric inspection and handling machines for knitters, weavers, dyers and finishers and nonwoven companies is widely recognised for quality and performance.

Shelton also produces the Shelton C-Tex Relaxation range of machinery, which is marketed through Nixtex Ltd., an exclusive distributor operating primarily in the garment industry. Shelton also offers the C-Tex software suite for textile applications from CTI Systems, which can be supplied as a stand-alone product or integrated with new inspection machinery.

Continuing the tradition of innovation by the company's founder, Mr Alan Shelton, new products and techniques have been developed in the field of machine vision, which is the application of cameras, computers and software for inspection of manufactured products.

Machine vision is a rapidly-developing technology 
used in many manufacturing industries to help provide 
high-speed, accurate and consistent product inspection, 
process feedback, waste reduction and cost saving. 
Textiles surfaces are recognised as one of the most 
challenging for machine vision technology, and combined with potentially unstable constructions 
and vast production ranges that constantly change, 
form a demanding application in all aspects that need to be considered.

Shelton has developed powerful defect detection 
algorithmsto cope with textile texture, defects 
and colour, together with a high level of automation 
to automatically train the system on new products and reduce human intervention.

Shelton’s machine vision inspection systems are 
backed by internet-based support services.The 
Shelton webSPECTOR textile inspection system 
provides a flexible and cost effective alternative to the rigid and costly constraints of similar 
systems introduced by early entrants in the 
machine vision system market. The webSPECTOR 
has been developed to an advanced state of 
automation, to enable it to automatically re-set 
inspection parameters for new products, thus avoid lengthy manual training. In addition, complete 
runs of several thousandsmetres can be recorded and 
played back through the system for validation and setting of inspection standards.

Apart from surface and construction inspection, the Shelton webSPECTOR techniques have been adapted for width measurement, pattern repeat measurement, fabric construction density checking and shade/colour monitoring.

All of these functions can be performed on-line in an existing process, or as a separate stand-alone process. 
Support is internet-based, whereby Shelton can control, 
monitor, and upload or download software updates from 
its offices in the UK. The system produces electronic 
data in the form of defect roll maps with defect images 
and an optimal cut plan for piece goods.

The rapid payback and enhanced inspection process 
experienced by Shelton customers are complemented by less 
tangible benefits of improved customer confidence and 
stronger supply relationships.Shelton always demonstrates 
capability on new applications using purpose-built, 
in-house testing facilities and has flexible system owning/using schemes such as system rental available, 
for which the payback is a low as the first month of use.

Shelton will continue to develop machine vision and 
process condition monitoring systems to stay at 
the forefront of this rapidly expanding marketplace 
and will work closely with customers to define 
opportunities for improving performance and 
continually pushing forward technological boundaries.

1 Priory Business Park, Wistow Road, Kibworth, Leicestershire, LE8 ORX, United Kingdom Tel: +44 116 279 0920 Fax: +44 116 279 09217 e-mail: Web:
Contact: Mr Mark Shelton.

Retrofitted volumetric feed chute.Garnett 
Controls is a leading manufacturer of on-line control 
systems for the nonwovens and fibre-related industries. 
The company specialises in the retrofitting of new controls and quality systems to existing machinery, 
thus improving quality, efficiency and productivity.

Fibre Weight Control Systems: The Microweigh XL2 
microprocessor controlled weigh pan system has proved 
extremely popular internationally, with the highest 
accuracy and unrivalled reliability, while the Microweigh XLM offers the additional feature of 
on-line moisture control.

Garnett's Rollaweigh volumetric fibre feed control system has become an industry standard for the accurate feeding of fibre to cards and blending lines.

The Rollaweigh system has a dual control system to automatically correct both long and short-term variation. The system ensures that process lines run at optimum throughput while maintaining critical quality thresholds.

Garnett produces controls for all stages of fibre processing, including:- Microblend for the feeding of fibre during blending. Microflow automatic and accurate spraying of lubricant, precise control of card feeding. Inspection systems, monitoring and control of card output in web, sliver, roving or batt form.
MetAlert, On-line metal detection systems.
Control panels that can be retrofitted in order to upgrade existing equipment. The latest technology in controls can 
significantly reduce energy consumption as well as 
provide in-depth diagnostics and production data along 
with the latest safety features to international regulations.
Mill Wizard Production monitoring systems (pictured above)
by low-cost yet highly integrated network solutions. Real-time production management information at your fingertips.

Machine Improvements including new intermediate feeds, crossfeeds, centredraws etc for woollen cards, replacement drive systems, new electronic cop-lifting arrangements for spinning frames, on-line waste reduction, reclamation and recycling.

Hopper Feeders with the latest drive and control technology.

Machinery Safety adaptations to latest standards.

Laboratory Instruments: Instruments for testing and quality control are produced in conjunction with sister organisation 
Wira Instrumentation, the well-known manufacturer of 
laboratory instrumentation for the testing of textile 
and nonwoven products and components Wira continues to increase its share of the testing 
instrumentation market, and already offers the world's most 
extensive range of testing equipment for carpets and 
floorcoverings from a single in-house manufacturer.

Wira instruments are the subject of many international 
testing standards and its products are in daily use 
around the globe by some of the world's leading fibre 
The Wira Hexapod, which is the standard instrument used in
ISO 10361, has also been adopted for BS EN ISO11378-2:2001, covering laboratory soil testing of textile floorcoverings. The new standard allows carpet manufacturers to test for 
both standards using the same Wira Instrument, without 
the need to purchase new equipment. The many customers 
who already own a Wira hexapod needonly purchase a simple 
soil test kit available from Wira Instruments.

On Line Moisture Measurement and Control: Produced in conjunction with sister organisation Streat Instruments 
is a range of on-line moisture measure and control 
equipment for the fibre, food and industrial sectors, 
as well as agriculture and sports turf applications.

The latest Drycom products, based on proven reliability throughout the international textile industry are being 
increasingly incorporated into the control systems of 
textile processing lines.

The increasing awareness of the importance of moisture control during processing has spurred further developments, resulting in new products that have increased flexibility 
for a wide range of applications.

The new MAJAC moisture control system for cotton processing lines has recently provided exciting results in terms of 
savings and of enhanced fibre properties after processing.

Full product listings and pdf-downloadable literature are available at the company's website.

3 Water Lane, Bradford,
West Yorkshire, BD1 2JL, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1274 733145
Fax: +44 1274 732410
Contact: Mr Ian Baker.

The Software for technical textiles
Companies operating in today’s global apparel market face an increasing set of challenges which must be met in order to remain competitive. There is increasing pressure on margins and the ability to deliver on time and to the right quality is more important than ever.
The industry is now typically characterised by a complex 
supply chain as production has largely shifted offshore, 
which means that complete visibility is paramount in order 
to have effective control. In such an increasingly competitive 
and global environment, the highest level of customer service 
and efficient collaboration between manufacturers,distributors 
and retailers is more vital than ever.
Syscom has over 30 years experience of working with apparel companies of all types and our 
SyscomERP solution has been specifically designed and developed for the industry. 
This experience means that we have the expertise 
and deep understanding of the issues which 
translates into us being able to deliver highly 
effective solutions that provide you the crucial 
technology, industry specific functionality and 
tools to meet the demands of your 
Syscom ERP contains a wealth of features that help you to streamline the garment development 
process, reduce the order to delivery cycle, control costs, 
maintain margins, maximise stock 
turn, boost sales and provide effective on-time distribution to your customers.
© Syscom PLC 2007 Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy.

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